Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Tachykinin NK(2) receptors and enhancement of cholinergic transmission in the inflamed rat colon: an in vivo motility study.


ABSTRACT: In the gastrointestinal tract, tachykinin NK(2) receptors are localized both on smooth muscle and nerve fibres. NK(2) receptor antagonists reduce exaggerated intestinal motility in various diarrhoea models but the site of action contributing to this effect is unknown. In this study we investigated the effects of atropine (1.4 micromol kg(-1), i.v.), hexamethonium (13.5 micromol kg(-1), i.v.), and nepadutant (0.1 micromol kg(-1), i.v.), a selective tachykinin NK(2) receptor antagonist, on distension (0.5 and 1 ml)-, or irritation (acetic acid, 0.5 ml of 7.5% v v(-1))-induced motility in the rat distal colon in vivo. The effects of atropine, hexamethonium or N(omega)-nitro-L-argininemethylester (L-NAME, 1.85 micromol kg(-1), i.v.) on [betaAla(8)]NKA(4-10) (10 nmol kg(-1), i.v.)-induced colonic contractions were also investigated. When the colonic balloon was filled with a subthreshold volume (0.5 ml), the intraluminal instillation of acetic acid triggered a high-amplitude phasic colonic motility which was partially reduced by nepadutant and suppressed by either hexamethonium or atropine. Filling of the balloon with 1 ml evoked reflex (hexamethonium-sensitive), atropine-sensitive phasic colonic motility: nepadutant had no significant effect on the distension-evoked motility. Neither hexamethonium nor atropine significantly reduced [betaAla(8)]NKA(4-10)-induced colonic contractions, whereas nepadutant suppressed them. Following L-NAME pretreatment, [betaAla(8)]NKA(4-10)-induced colonic contractions were inhibited by both atropine and hexamethonium. In hexamethonium-pretreated animals, an atropine-sensitive component of [betaAla(8)]NKA(4-10)-induced colonic contractions was also evident. These results indicate that the application of irritants onto the colonic mucosa induces the release of endogenous tachykinins which enhance excitatory cholinergic mechanisms through the stimulation of NK(2) receptors.

SUBMITTER: Carini F 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1572870 | BioStudies | 2001-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1038/sj.bjp.0704164

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

altmetric image

Publications

Tachykinin NK(2) receptors and enhancement of cholinergic transmission in the inflamed rat colon: an in vivo motility study.

Carini F F   Lecci A A   Tramontana M M   Giuliani S S   Maggi C A CA  

British journal of pharmacology 20010801 7


In the gastrointestinal tract, tachykinin NK(2) receptors are localized both on smooth muscle and nerve fibres. NK(2) receptor antagonists reduce exaggerated intestinal motility in various diarrhoea models but the site of action contributing to this effect is unknown. In this study we investigated the effects of atropine (1.4 micromol kg(-1), i.v.), hexamethonium (13.5 micromol kg(-1), i.v.), and nepadutant (0.1 micromol kg(-1), i.v.), a selective tachykinin NK(2) receptor antagonist, on distens  ...[more]

Similar Datasets

2008-01-01 | S-EPMC2607211 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC3051389 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4015210 | BioStudies
2003-01-01 | S-EPMC1573878 | BioStudies
2008-01-01 | S-EPMC2597251 | BioStudies
2004-01-01 | S-EPMC1574961 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC3644655 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4492755 | BioStudies
2001-01-01 | S-EPMC1572724 | BioStudies
2006-01-01 | S-EPMC1856307 | BioStudies