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Reaction mechanism of guanidinoacetate methyltransferase, concerted or step-wise.

ABSTRACT: We describe a quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics investigation of the guanidinoacetate methyltransferase catalyzed reaction, which shows that proton transfer from guanidinoacetate (GAA) to Asp-134 and methyl transfer from S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) to GAA are concerted. By self-consistent-charge density functional tight binding/molecular mechanics, the bond lengths in the concerted mechanism's transition state are 1.26 A for both the OD1 (Asp-134)-H(E) (GAA) and H(E) (GAA)-N(E) (GAA) bonds, and 2.47 and 2.03 A for the S8 (AdoMet)-C9 (AdoMet) and C9 (AdoMet)-N(E) (GAA) bonds, respectively. The potential-energy barrier (DeltaE++) determined by single-point B3LYP/6-31+G*//MM is 18.9 kcal/mol. The contributions of the entropy (-TDeltaS++) and zero-point energy corrections Delta(ZPE)++ by normal mode analysis are 2.3 kcal/mol and -1.7 kcal/mol, respectively. Thus, the activation enthalpy of this concerted mechanism is predicted to be DeltaH++ = DeltaE++ plus Delta(ZPE)++ = 17.2 kcal/mol. The calculated free-energy barrier for the concerted mechanism is DeltaG++ = 19.5 kcal/mol, which is in excellent agreement with the value of 19.0 kcal/mol calculated from the experimental rate constant (3.8 +/- 0.2.min(-1)).


PROVIDER: S-EPMC1637550 | BioStudies | 2006-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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