Increased expression of Aspergillus parasiticus aflR, encoding a sequence-specific DNA-binding protein, relieves nitrate inhibition of aflatoxin biosynthesis.
ABSTRACT: The aflR gene from Aspergillus parasiticus and Aspergillus flavus may be involved in the regulation of aflatoxin biosynthesis. The aflR gene product, AFLR, possesses a GAL4-type binuclear zinc finger DNA-binding domain. A transformant, SU1-N3 (pHSP), containing an additional copy of aflR, showed increased transcription of aflR and the aflatoxin pathway structural genes, nor-1, ver-1, and omt-1, when cells were grown in nitrate medium, which normally suppresses aflatoxin production. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that the recombinant protein containing the DNA-binding domain, AFLR1, bound specifically to the palindromic sequence, TTAGGCCTAA, 120 bp upstream of the AFLR translation start site. Expression of aflR thus appears to be autoregulated. Increased expression of aflatoxin biosynthetic genes in the transformant might result from an elevated basal level of AFLR, allowing it to overcome nitrate inhibition and to bind to the aflR promotor region, thereby initiating aflatoxin biosynthesis. Results further suggest that aflR is involved in the regulation of multiple parts of the aflatoxin biosynthetic pathway.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC167509 | BioStudies | 1995-01-01T00:00:00Z