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Phosphate concentration regulates transcription of the Acinetobacter polyhydroxyalkanoic acid biosynthetic genes.


ABSTRACT: The polyhydroxyalkanoic acid (PHA) biosynthetic gene locus was cloned and characterized from an Acinetobacter sp. isolated from activated sludge. Nucleotide sequence analysis identified three clustered genes, phaAAc (encoding a beta-ketothiolase), phaBAc (encoding an acetoacetyl coenzyme A reductase), and phaCAc (encoding a PHA synthase). In addition, an open reading frame (ORF1) with potential to encode a 13-kDa protein was identified within this locus. The sequence of the putative translational product of ORF1 does not show significant similarity to any sequences in the database. A plasmid containing the Acinetobacter pha locus conferred the ability to accumulate poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate on its Escherichia coli host. These genes appear to lie in an operon transcribed by two promoters upstream of phaBAc, an apparent constitutive promoter, and a second promoter induced by phosphate starvation and under pho regulon control. These as well as a number of additional potential transcription start points were identified by a combination of primer extension and promoter-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene fusion studies carried out in Acinetobacter or E. coli transformants.

SUBMITTER: Schembri MA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC177202 | BioStudies | 1995-01-01T00:00:00Z

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): L37761

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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