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Isolation and analysis of a fur mutant of Neisseria gonorrhoeae.


ABSTRACT: The pathogenic Neisseria spp. produce a number of iron-regulated gene products that are thought to be important in virulence. Iron-responsive regulation of these gene products has been attributed to the presence in Neisseria spp. of the Fur (ferric uptake regulation) protein. Evidence for the role of Fur in neisserial iron regulation has been indirect because of the inability to make fur null mutations. To circumvent this problem, we used manganese selection to isolate missense mutations of Neisseria gonorrhoeae fur. We show that a mutation in gonococcal fur resulted in reduced modulation of expression of four well-studied iron-repressed genes and affected the iron regulation of a broad range of other genes as judged by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). All 15 of the iron-repressed spots observed by two-dimensional PAGE were at least partially derepressed in the fur mutant, and 17 of the 45 iron-induced spots were affected by the fur mutation. Thus, Fur plays a central role in regulation of iron-repressed gonococcal genes and appears to be involved in regulation of many iron-induced genes. The size and complexity of the iron regulons in N. gonorrhoeae are much greater than previously recognized.

SUBMITTER: Thomas CE 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC178181 | BioStudies | 1996-01-01T00:00:00Z

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): L23871

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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