Dataset Information


Analysis of the fnrL gene and its function in Rhodobacter capsulatus.

ABSTRACT: The fnr gene encodes a regulatory protein involved in the response to oxygen in a variety of bacterial genera. For example, it was previously shown that the anoxygenic, photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides requires the fnrL gene for growth under anaerobic, photosynthetic conditions. Additionally, the FnrL protein in R. sphaeroides is required for anaerobic growth in the dark with an alternative electron acceptor, but it is not essential for aerobic growth. In this study, the fnrL locus from Rhodobacter capsulatus was cloned and sequenced. Surprisingly, an R. capsulatus strain with the fnrL gene deleted grows like the wild type under either photosynthetic or aerobic conditions but does not grow anaerobically with alternative electron acceptors such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or trimethylamine oxide. It is demonstrated that the c-type cytochrome induced upon anaerobic growth on DMSO is not synthesized in the R. capsulatus fnrL mutant. In contrast to wild-type strains, R. sphaeroides and R. capsulatus fnrL mutants do not synthesize the anaerobically, DMSO-induced reductase. Mechanisms that explain the basis for FnrL function in both organisms are discussed.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC179675 | BioStudies | 1997-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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