Unknown

Dataset Information

0

The 2'-O-ribose methyltransferase for cap 1 of spliced leader RNA and U1 small nuclear RNA in Trypanosoma brucei.


ABSTRACT: mRNA cap 1 2'-O-ribose methylation is a widespread modification that is implicated in processing, trafficking, and translational control in eukaryotic systems. The eukaryotic enzyme has yet to be identified. In kinetoplastid flagellates trans-splicing of spliced leader (SL) to polycistronic precursors conveys a hypermethylated cap 4, including a cap 0 m7G and seven additional methylations on the first 4 nucleotides, to all nuclear mRNAs. We report the first eukaryotic cap 1 2'-O-ribose methyltransferase, TbMTr1, a member of a conserved family of viral and eukaryotic enzymes. Recombinant TbMTr1 methylates the ribose of the first nucleotide of an m7G-capped substrate. Knockdowns and null mutants of TbMTr1 in Trypanosoma brucei grow normally, with loss of 2'-O-ribose methylation at cap 1 on substrate SL RNA and U1 small nuclear RNA. TbMTr1-null cells have an accumulation of cap 0 substrate without further methylation, while spliced mRNA is modified efficiently at position 4 in the absence of 2'-O-ribose methylation at position 1; downstream cap 4 methylations are independent of cap 1. Based on TbMTr1-green fluorescent protein localization, 2'-O-ribose methylation at position 1 occurs in the nucleus. Accumulation of 3'-extended SL RNA substrate indicates a delay in processing and suggests a synergistic role for cap 1 in maturation.

SUBMITTER: Zamudio JR 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1952150 | BioStudies | 2007-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

1000-01-01 | S-EPMC1489268 | BioStudies
2009-01-01 | S-EPMC2643836 | BioStudies
2007-01-01 | S-EPMC3650844 | BioStudies
1998-01-01 | S-EPMC109047 | BioStudies
2009-01-01 | S-EPMC2859698 | BioStudies
2001-01-01 | S-EPMC92551 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4460440 | BioStudies
2010-01-01 | S-EPMC3172701 | BioStudies
2011-01-01 | S-EPMC3113572 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6125687 | BioStudies