ABSTRACT: The regioselective synthesis of 3,5-disubstituted isoxazoles was achieved through the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of nitrile oxides with 1,1-disubstituted bromoalkenes. The substituted bromoalkenes function as alkyne synthons which were used to construct 5,5-disubstituted bromoisoxazoline intermediates that aromatize to the analogous isoxazoles through the loss of HBr.
Project description:Several 3,5-disubstituted isoxazoles were obtained in good yields by regiospecific 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions between aromatic nitrile oxides, generated in situ from the corresponding hydroxyimidoyl chlorides, with non-symmetrical activated alkynes in the presence of catalytic amounts of copper(I) iodide. Effects of 3,5-disubstituted isoxazoles on nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species generation in <i>Arabidopsis</i> tissues was studied using specific diaminofluoresceine dyes as fluorescence indicators.
Project description:Three-component coupling of the lithium enolate of t-BuOAc, silyl glyoxylate, and an ?,?-unsaturated ketone enables the rapid construction of the trachyspic acid carbon skeleton. A 3,4-disubstituted isoxazole is utilized to mask the C7/C9 dicarbonyl. New enolsilane/nitrile-oxide cycloadditions enable the preparation of various 3,4-disubstituted isoxazoles that are challenging to access by other means.
Project description:A critical comparison of methods to prepare sterically hindered 3-aryl isoxazoles containing fused aromatic rings using the nitrile oxide cycloaddition (NOC) reveal that modification of the method of Bode, Hachisu, Matsuura, and Suzuki (BHMS), utilizing either triethylamine as base or sodium enolates of the diketone, ketoester, and ketoamide dipolarophiles, respectively, was the method of choice for this transformation.
Project description:Copper-catalyzed functionalization of terminal or 1,1-disubstituted alkenes with bis(pinacolato)diboron and methanol provides formal hydroboration products with exceptional regiocontrol favoring the branched isomer. Pairing this procedure with photocatalytic cross-couplings using iridium and nickel cocatalysis provides an effective, highly regioselective procedure for the hydroarylation of terminal alkenes.
Project description:An efficient approach for the parallel solid phase synthesis of isoxazole and isoxazoline derivatives has been developed. The isoxazoles and isoxazolines were constructed through a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of nitrile oxides, with resin-bound alkynes or alkenes. The cycloaddition reaction conditions performed on solid phase supports was optimized, and an array of resin bound carboxylic acid building blocks were utilized for distinct conversions. This methodology presents a new alternative to the diversity oriented synthesis of disubstituted isoxazoles and isoxazolines different from existing routes which are limited in structural diversity.
Project description:The 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions of nitrile oxides formed in situ (in the presence of NCS and Et3N) from the oximes of (purin-9-yl)acetaldehyde or (coumarinyloxy)acetaldehyde with allyloxycoumarins or 9-allylpurines, respectively resulted in 3,5-disubstituted isoxazolines. The similar reactions of propargyloxycoumarins or 9-propargylpurines led to 3,5-disubstituted isoxazoles by treatment with PIDA and catalytic amount of TFA.The new compounds were tested in vitro as antioxidant agents and inhibitors of soybean lipoxygenase LO, AChE and MAO-B.The majority of the compounds showed significant hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. Compounds 4k and 4n presented LO inhibitory activity.Compound 13e presents an antioxidant significant profile combining anti-LO, anti-AChE and anti-MAO-B activities.
Project description:A versatile method for the synthesis of chiral 1,4-disubstituted-1,2,3-triazole derivatives starting from easily accessible naturally occurring D-or L-amino acids as chiral synthons is described. The amino acids were converted into azido alcohols, followed by copper catalyzed [3+2] cycloaddition reactions between the azido alcohols and methyl propiolate and subsequent ester aminolysis with primary and secondary amines furnished the target compounds, which were obtained in excellent yields with no racemization. Docking of selected target compounds shows that the chiral 1,4-disubstituted-1,2,3-triazoles derivatives has the potential of mimicking the binding mode of known purine analogues.
Project description:2,3-Disubstituted benzo[b]selenophenes have been prepared by the electrophilic cyclization of various 1-(1-alkynyl)-2-(methylseleno)arenes by Br2, NBS, I2, ICl, PhSeCl, PhSeBr, and Hg(OAc)2. This method tolerates a wide variety of functional groups, including alcohol, ester, nitrile, nitro, and silyl groups, and proceeds under exceptionally mild reaction conditions.
Project description:The iodocyclization of O-methyloximes of 2-alkyn-1-ones affords 4-iodoisoxazoles, which undergo various palladium-catalyzed reactions to yield 3,4,5-trisubstituted isoxazoles. The palladium-catalyzed processes have been adapted to parallel synthesis utilizing commercially available boronic acid, acetylene, styrene, and amine sublibraries. Accordingly, a diverse 51-member library of 3,4,5-trisubstituted isoxazoles has been generated.