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Flowering time quantitative trait Loci analysis of oilseed brassica in multiple environments and genomewide alignment with Arabidopsis.


ABSTRACT: Most agronomical traits exhibit quantitative variation, which is controlled by multiple genes and are environmentally dependent. To study the genetic variation of flowering time in Brassica napus, a DH population and its derived reconstructed F(2) population were planted in 11 field environments. The flowering time varied greatly with environments; 60% of the phenotypic variation was attributed to genetic effects. Five to 18 QTL at a statistically significant level (SL-QTL) were detected in each environment and, on average, two new SL-QTL were discovered with each added environment. Another type of QTL, micro-real QTL (MR-QTL), was detected repeatedly from at least 2 of the 11 environments; resulting in a total of 36 SL-QTL and 6 MR-QTL. Sixty-three interacting pairs of loci were found; 50% of them were involved in QTL. Hundreds of floral transition genes in Arabidopsis were aligned with the linkage map of B. napus by in silico mapping; 28% of them aligned with QTL regions and 9% were consistent with interacting loci. One locus, BnFLC10, in N10 and a QTL cluster in N16 were specific to spring- and winter-cropped environments respectively. The number of QTL, interacting loci, and aligned functional genes revealed a complex genetic network controlling flowering time in B. napus.

SUBMITTER: Long Y 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC2219480 | BioStudies | 2007-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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