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14-3-3 sigma positively regulates p53 and suppresses tumor growth.

ABSTRACT: The 14-3-3 sigma (sigma) protein, a negative regulator of the cell cycle, is a human mammary epithelium-specific marker that is downregulated in transformed mammary carcinoma cells. It has also been identified as a p53-inducible gene product involved in cell cycle checkpoint control after DNA damage. Although 14-3-3 sigma is linked to p53-regulated cell cycle checkpoint control, detailed mechanisms of how cell cycle regulation occurs remain unclear. Decreased expression of 14-3-3 sigma was recently reported in several types of carcinomas, further suggesting that the negative regulatory role of 14-3-3 sigma in the cell cycle is compromised during tumorigenesis. However, this possible tumor-suppressive role of 14-3-3 sigma has not yet been characterized. Here, we studied the link between 14-3-3 sigma activities and p53 regulation. We found that 14-3-3 sigma interacted with p53 in response to the DNA-damaging agent adriamycin. Importantly, 14-3-3 sigma expression led to stabilized expression of p53. In studying the molecular mechanism of this increased stabilization of p53, we found that 14-3-3 sigma antagonized the biological functions of Mdm2 by blocking Mdm2-mediated p53 ubiquitination and nuclear export. In addition, we found that 14-3-3 sigma facilitated the oligomerization of p53 and enhanced p53's transcriptional activity. As a target gene of p53, 14-3-3 sigma appears to have a positive feedback effect on p53 activity. Significantly, we also showed that overexpression of 14-3-3 sigma inhibited oncogene-activated tumorigenicity in a tetracycline-regulated 14-3-3 sigma system. These results defined an important p53 regulatory loop and suggested that 14-3-3 sigma expression can be considered for therapeutic intervention in cancers.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC230310 | BioStudies | 2003-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1128/MCB.23.20.7096-7107.2003

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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