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Receptor properties of two varicella-zoster virus glycoproteins, gpI and gpIV, homologous to herpes simplex virus gE and gI.


ABSTRACT: The varicella-zoster virus (VZV) genome contains 70 reading frames (ORF), 5 of which encode the glycoproteins gpI, gpII, gpIII, gpIV, and gpV. ORF 67 and 68 lie adjacent to each other in the unique short region of the VZV genome and code for gpIV and gpI, respectively. These two genes, which are contained within the HindIII C fragment of the VZV genome, were subcloned in the correct orientation downstream from the promoter regions of the eukaryotic expression vectors pCMV5 and pBJ. After transfection, 5 to 20% of the Cos cells bound antibody specific for the given glycoprotein. In this study, it was shown that only the cells transfected with the gpI construct bound to the Fc fragment of human immunoglobulin G. Neither the transfected gpIV gene product nor the vector only bound to the Fc fragment. Thus, VZV gpI is confirmed to be the VZV-encoded Fc-binding glycoprotein. Like the wild-type form of gpI expressed in VZV-infected cells, gpI precipitated from transfected cells contained both N-linked and O-linked glycans and was heavily sialated. In addition, the transfected gpI gene product was phosphorylated both in cell culture and in protein kinase assays by mammalian casein kinases I and II. Extensive computer-assisted analyses of the VZV gpI sequence, as well as those of alphaherpesviral homolog glycoproteins, disclosed properties similar to those of other cell surface receptors; these included (i) exocytoplasmic regions rich in cysteine residues, (ii) membrane-proximal regions with potential O-linked glycosylation sites, and (iii) cytoplasmic domains with consensus phosphorylation sites.

SUBMITTER: Litwin V 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC241147 | BioStudies | 1992-01-01T00:00:00Z

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): M14336

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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