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Activation of D-tyrosine by Bacillus stearothermophilus tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase: 1. Pre-steady-state kinetic analysis reveals the mechanistic basis for the recognition of D-tyrosine.


ABSTRACT: Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) is able to catalyze the transfer of both l- and d-tyrosine to the 3' end of tRNA(Tyr). Activation of either stereoisomer by ATP results in formation of an enzyme-bound tyrosyl-adenylate intermediate and is accompanied by a blue shift in the intrinsic fluorescence of the protein. Single turnover kinetics for the aminoacylation of tRNA(Tyr) by D-tyrosine were monitored using stopped-flow fluorescence spectroscopy. Bacillus stearothermophilus tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase binds d-tyrosine with an 8.5-fold lower affinity than that of l-tyrosine (K (D-Tyr)(d) = 102 microm) and exhibits a 3-fold decrease in the forward rate constant for the activation reaction (k (D-Tyr)(3) = 13 s(-1)). Furthermore, as is the case for l-tyrosine, tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase exhibits "half-of-the-sites" reactivity with respect to the binding and activation of D-tyrosine. Surprisingly, pyrophosphate binds to the TyrRS.d-Tyr-AMP intermediate with a 14-fold higher affinity than it binds to the TyrRS.l-Tyr-AMP intermediate (K (PPi)(d) = 0.043 for TyrRS.d-Tyr-AMP.PP(i)). tRNA(Tyr) binds with a slightly (2.3-fold) lower affinity to the TyrRS.d-Tyr-AMP intermediate than it does to the TyrRS.l-Tyr-AMP intermediate. The observation that the K (Tyr)(d) and k(3) values are similar for l- and d-tyrosine suggests that their side chains bind to tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase in similar orientations and that at least one of the carboxylate oxygen atoms in d-tyrosine is properly positioned for attack on the alpha-phosphate of ATP.

SUBMITTER: Sheoran A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC2442314 | BioStudies | 2008-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 1mb2

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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