Duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomies with a hard pancreas and dilated pancreatic duct and duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomies with a soft pancreas and non-dilated duct.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We performed duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy with resection of jejunal serosa in 55 patients, and here compare the clinical results between duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomies with a non-dilated pancreatic duct and those with a dilated duct. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the period 1999 to 2005, 55 patients (27 F, 28 M; mean age 63.4 years) underwent duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy with resection of jejunal serosa. A non-dilated pancreatic duct was observe in 29 patients in group A and a dilated pancreatic duct in 26 patients in group B. Clinical characteristics (age, gender, benign or malignant condition, presence of diabetes mellitus, anastomotic time) were analyzed in both groups and postoperative complications were compared between groups. RESULTS: In a comparison of clinical characteristics, all factors were similar between groups. In group A, the postoperative complication occurred in 4 (wound infection in 2, pulmonary embolism in 1, gastric ulcer in 1) of 29 patients (13.8%), and in group B in 1 (pneumothorax) of 26 patients (3.8%). No pancreatic leakage was observed in either group. The difference between group A and group B in the rate of postoperative complication was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: There was no statistical difference in the rate of postoperative complications, including pancreatic leakage, between duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomies with a dilated pancreatic duct and those with a non-dilated duct. We consider that the diameter of the pancreatic duct is irrelevant to results of duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy.
Project description:Pancreaticojejunostomy is the key procedure of pancreaticoduodenectomy. Our study introduced a new pancreaticojejunal (PJ) anastomosis named "papillary-like main pancreatic duct invaginated" pancreaticojejunostomy. Nighty-two patients underwent pancreaticojejunostomy with either conventional duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy or the new "papillary-like main pancreatic duct invaginated" techniques were analyzed retrospectively from January 2010 to September 2012. The incidence of pancreatic fistula was 15.7% (8/51) for the "papillary-like main pancreatic duct invaginated" group and 19.5% (8/41) for the duct-to-mucosa fashion respectively. It is noteworthy that the rate of grade B/C postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) in the "papillary-like main pancreatic duct invaginated" group was significantly lower than that of the duct-to-mucosa group (P = 0.039). There were no differences in the incidence of postoperative morbidity and mortality such as postoperative hemorrhage, delayed gastric emptying or remnant pancreatitis. The "papillary-like main pancreatic duct invaginated" pancreaticojejunostomy could provide a feasible option to pancreatic surgeons for patients with normal soft pancreas.
Project description:We aimed to compare the two most commonly used pancreatico-jejunostomy reconstruction techniques-duct-to-mucosa and invagination.Databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and several clinical trial registration centers were searched. Randomized controlled trials that compared duct-to-mucosa and invagination pancreaticojejunostomy techniques after pancreaticoduodenectomy were included and analyzed.In total, seven RCTs were included, involving 850 patients. The difference in postoperative pancreatic fistula rate between the duct-to-mucosa and invagination pancreaticojejunostomy was not significant (RR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.76-1.39, P = 0.86). There was no significant difference in clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula between the two groups (RR = 0.78, 95% CI = 0.15-3.96, P = 0.77). The overall morbidity, overall mortality, delayed gastric emptying, intra-abdominal collection, reoperation rate, and length of hospital stay between the two groups were not significantly different. Sensitivity analysis showed that the meta-analysis was stable. Further, no significant publication bias was seen.Duct-to-mucosa and invagination pancreaticojejunostomy techniques after pancreaticoduodenectomy were comparable in terms of postoperative pancreatic fistula incidence and other parameters.
Project description:Although various pancreaticojejunal duct-to-mucosa anastomosis methods have been developed to reduce the postoperative risks of pancreaticoduodenectomy, pancreatic fistula remains the most serious complication with a high incident rate. The aim of this study is to compare the safety and effectiveness of one-layer and two-layer duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy.In this study, adult patients who sign consent forms will be recruited and scheduled for elective pancreaticoduodenectomy. One hundred and fourteen patients will be included and randomized before pancreaticojejunal reconstruction and after resection of the lesion from the pancreatic or periampullary region. The primary efficacy endpoint is the incident rate of postoperative pancreatic fistula. Statistical analysis will be based on the intention-to-treat population. Patients will be followed up for 3 months by monitoring for complications and other adverse events.This prospective, single-center, randomized, single-blinded, two-group parallel trial is designed to compare one-layer with two-layer duct-to-mucosa anastomosis for pancreaticojejunal anastomosis during elective pancreaticoduodenectomy.Clinical Trials.gov: NCT02511951 . Registered on 29 July 2015.
Project description:Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) is technically feasible, but its safety is still controversial. Pancreas texture and the small size of the main pancreatic duct indicate laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) as a challenging procedure. Thus, LPD could be a risk factor for postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), longer hospital stay, and delayed adjuvant chemotherapy that affects long-term oncologic outcome. So, it is important to promote education on LPD especially techniques for pancreaticojejunostomy. A porcine model for duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) (Yonsei-PJDTM) was developed, and details of the model will be described in this report.
Project description:BACKGROUND:The mortality following pancreaticoduodenectomy has markedly decreased but remains an important challenge for the complexity of operation and technical skills involved. The present study aimed to clarify the impact of individualized pancreaticoenteric anastomosis and management to postoperative pancreatic fistula. METHODS:Data from 529 consecutive pancreaticoduodenectomies were retrospectively analysed from the Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery Unit I, Peking Cancer Hospital. The pancreaticoenteric anastomosis was determined based on the pancreatic texture and diameter of the main pancreatic duct. The amylase value of the drainage fluid was dynamically monitored postoperatively on days 3, 5 and 7. A low speed intermittent irrigation was performed in selected patients. Intraoperative and postoperative results were collected and compared between the pancreaticogastrostomy (PG) group and pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) group. RESULTS:From 2010 to 2019, 529 consecutive patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy. Pancreaticogastrostomy was performed in 364 patients; pancreaticojejunostomy was performed in 150 patients respectively. The clinically relevant pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF) was 9.8% and mortality was zero. The soft pancreas, diameter of main pancreatic duct?3?mm, BMI???25, operation time?>?330?min and pancreaticogastrostomy was correlated with postoperative pancreatic fistula significantly. The CR-POPF of PJ was significantly higher than that of PG in soft pancreas patients; the operation time of PJ was shorter than that of PG significantly in hard pancreas patients. Intraoperative blood loss and operation time of PG was less than that of PJ significantly in normal pancreatic duct patients (p?<?0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Individualized pancreaticoenteric anastomosis should be determined based on the pancreatic texture and pancreatic duct diameter. The appropriate anastomosis and postoperative management could prevent mortality.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Partial pancreatoduodenectomy is performed for malignant and benign diseases of the pancreatic head region. The procedure is considered highly difficult and highly invasive. Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is an important complication because of several consequent complications, including intraabdominal haemorrhage, often increasing hospital stays and surgical mortality. Although many kinds of pancreaticojejunostomy aimed at reducing POPF have been examined to date, the technique has not yet been standardized. We devised a new method using double-coated polyglycolic acid felt after pancreaticojejunostomy. The aim of the PLANET-PJ trial is to evaluate the superiority of polyglycolic acid felt reinforcement in preventing POPF after pancreaticojejunostomy in patients undergoing partial pancreatoduodenectomy to previous anastomosis methods. METHODS:Patients diagnosed with pancreatic or periampullary lesions in whom it is judged that the main pancreatic duct diameter was 3?mm or less on the left side of the portal vein without pancreatic parenchymal atrophy due to obstructive pancreatitis are considered eligible for inclusion. This study is designed as a multicentre randomized phase III trial in Japan and the Republic of Korea. Eligible patients will be centrally randomized to either group A (polyglycolic acid felt reinforcement) or group B (control). In total, 514 patients will be randomized in 31 high-volume centres in Japan and Republic of Korea. The primary endpoint is the incidence of POPF (International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery grade B/C). DISCUSSION:The PLANET-PJ trial evaluates the efficacy of a new method using double-coated polyglycolic acid felt reinforcement for preventing POPF after pancreaticojejunostomy. This new method may reduce POPF. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03331718 . University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trials Registry, UMIN000029647. Registered on 30 November 2017. https://upload.umin.ac.jp/cgi-open-bin/ctr/ctr_view.cgi?recptno=R000033874.
Project description:Laparoscopic completion total gastrectomy following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) has not been reported. A 73-year-old male who underwent PD 25 years ago for distal common bile duct cancer visited a surgical department for remnant gastric cancer. A previous reconstruction was performed with pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ), gastrojejunostomy and Braun anastomosis, i.e., jejunojejunostomy (JJ), between the afferent and efferent jejunal limb to prevent bile reflux into the remnant stomach. Adhesiolysis was initially performed to secure the surgical view. Lymph node dissections around the splenic artery, splenic hilum, celiac axis, left gastric artery, and common hepatic artery were performed. The PJ site was well visualized and safely preserved. Esophagojejunostomy was performed with an OrVil system. Specimen retrieval, Roux-limb preparation and JJ were performed through an extended umbilicus trocar site. A final pathologic examination revealed a 5.5-cm serosa-exposed tumor (T4a) without lymph node metastasis. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 7 without any complications.
Project description:Pancreatic ductal injury is rare during choledochal cyst excision. Most cases present in the immediate postoperative period with pancreatic fistula or acute pancreatitis are managed conservatively. But, inadvertent ligation of the main pancreatic duct with subsequent recurrent pancreatitis and upstream dilatation of the pancreatic duct requiring a pancreatic ductal drainage operation has not been reported in the English literature. A 23-year-old female patient presented with recurrent episodes of upper abdominal pain for about 16 months. She had a history of type-1 choledochal cyst excision 18 months back. She was evaluated with abdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). MRCP showed hugely dilated main pancreatic duct with normal hepaticojejunostomy anastomosis. There was no residual cyst. MRCP findings were suggestive of stricture of the main pancreatic duct due to previous surgery. Endoscopic pancreatic ductal decompression failed. The patient was treated successfully with pancreaticogastrostomy. Postoperative recovery was uneventful. The patient was well at 24-month follow-up.
Project description:<h4>Objectives</h4>The postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a major complication after pancreatic head resection whereby the technique of the anastomosis is a very influencing factor. The literature describes a possible protective role of the Blumgart anastomosis.<h4>Methods</h4>Patients after pancreatic head resection with reconstruction through the modified Blumgart anastomosis (a 2 row pancreatic anastomosis through mattress sutures of the parenchyma and duct to mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy, Blumgart-group) were compared with patients after pancreatic head resection and reconstruction through the conventional pancreatojejunostomy (single suture technique of capsule and parenchyma to seromuscularis, PJ-group). The Data were collected retrospectively. Depending on the propensity score matching in a ratio of 1:2 comparison groups were set up. Blumgart-group (n=29) and PJ-group (n=56). The primary end point was the rate of POPF. Secondary goals were duration of operation, length of hospital stay, length of stay on intermediate care units and hospital mortality.<h4>Results</h4>The rate of POPF (biochemical leak, POPF "grade B" and POPF "grade C") was less in the Blumgart-group, but without statistical relevance (p=0.23). Significantly less was the rate of POPF "grade C" in the Blumgart-group (p=0.03). Regarding the duration of hospital stay, length of stay on intermediate care units and hospital mortality, there was no relevant statistical difference between the groups (p=0.1; p=0.4; p=0.7). The duration of the operation was significantly less in the Blumgart-group (p=0.001).<h4>Conclusions</h4>The modified Blumgart anastomosis technique may have the potential to decrease major postoperative pancreatic fistula.
Project description:Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is the most serious complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Recently, Blumgart anastomosis (BA) has been found to have some advantages in terms of decreasing POPF compared with other pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) using either the duct-to-mucosa or invagination approach. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the safety and effectiveness of BA versus non-Blumgart anastomosis after PD. The PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Library were systematically searched for studies published from January 2000 to March 2020. One RCT and ten retrospective comparative studies were included with 2412 patients, of whom 1155 (47.9%) underwent BA and 1257 (52.1%) underwent non-Blumgart anastomosis. BA was associated with significantly lower rates of grade B/C POPF (OR 0.38, 0.22 to 0.65; P?=?0.004) than non-Blumgart anastomosis. Additionally, in the subgroup analysis, the grade B/C POPF was also reduced in BA group than the Kakita anastomosis group. There was no significant difference regarding grade B/C POPF in terms of soft pancreatic texture between the BA and non-Blumgart anastomosis groups. In conclusion, BA after PD was associated with a decreased risk of grade B/C POPF. Therefore, BA seems to be a valuable PJ to reduce POPF comparing with non-Blumgart anastomosis.