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Adenovirus-mediated transfer of siRNA against MMP-2 mRNA results in impaired invasion and tumor-induced angiogenesis, induces apoptosis in vitro and inhibits tumor growth in vivo in glioblastoma.


ABSTRACT: Invasive tumors, including gliomas, utilize proteinases to degrade extracellular matrix components and diffuse into the adjacent tissues or migrate toward distant ones. In addition, proteinase activity is required for the formation of new blood vessels within the tumor. Levels of the proteinase matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) are highly increased in gliomas. In this study, we examined the effect of the downregulation of MMP-2 via adenovirus-mediated siRNA in gliomas. Here, we show that siRNA delivery significantly decreased levels of MMP-2 in the glioblastoma cell lines U-87 and U-251. U-87 and U-251 cells showed impaired invasion through matrigel as well as decreased migration from tumor spheroids transfected with adenoviral vector expressing siRNA against MMP-2. Additionally, tumor-induced angiogenesis was decreased in in vitro experiments in cultured human microvascular endothelial cells (HMECs) in serum-free conditioned medium of glioblastoma cells transfected with these constructs and co-cultures of glioma cells with HMECs. We also observed decreased angiogenesis in the in vivo dorsal skin-fold chamber model. Moreover, MMP-2 inhibition induced apoptotic cell death in vitro, and suppressed tumor growth of preestablished U-251 intracranial xenografts in nude mice. Thus, specific targeting of MMP-2 may provide a novel, efficient approach for the treatment of gliomas and improve the poor outcomes of patients with these brain tumors.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC2574662 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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