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Identification of new netrin family members in zebrafish: developmental expression of netrin 2 and netrin 4.


ABSTRACT: Netrin 1 is a diffusible factor that attracts commissural axons to the floor plate of the spinal cord. Recent evidence indicates that Netrin 1 is widely expressed and functions in the development of multiple organ systems. In mammals, there are three genes encoding Netrins, whereas in zebrafish, only the Netrin 1 orthologs netrin 1a and netrin 1b have been identified. Here, we have cloned two new zebrafish Netrins, netrin 2 and netrin 4, and present a comparative sequence and expression analysis. Despite significant sequence similarity with netrin 1a/netrin 1b, netrin 2 displays a unique expression pattern. Netrin 2 transcript is first detected in the notochord and in developing somites at early somitogenesis. By late somitogenesis, netrin 2 is expressed in the fourth rhombomere and is subsequently expressed in the hindbrain and otic vesicles. In contrast, netrin 4 is detected only at very low levels during early development. The nonoverlapping expression patterns of these four Netrins suggest that they may play unique roles in zebrafish development.

SUBMITTER: Park KW 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC2612631 | BioStudies | 2005-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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