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Myocardial adeno-associated virus serotype 6-betaARKct gene therapy improves cardiac function and normalizes the neurohormonal axis in chronic heart failure.


ABSTRACT: The upregulation of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 in failing myocardium appears to contribute to dysfunctional beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) signaling and cardiac function. The peptide betaARKct, which can inhibit the activation of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 and improve betaAR signaling, has been shown in transgenic models and short-term gene transfer experiments to rescue heart failure (HF). This study was designed to evaluate long-term betaARKct expression in HF with the use of stable myocardial gene delivery with adeno-associated virus serotype 6 (AAV6).In HF rats, we delivered betaARKct or green fluorescent protein as a control via AAV6-mediated direct intramyocardial injection. We also treated groups with concurrent administration of the beta-blocker metoprolol. We found robust and long-term transgene expression in the left ventricle at least 12 weeks after delivery. betaARKct significantly improved cardiac contractility and reversed left ventricular remodeling, which was accompanied by a normalization of the neurohormonal (catecholamines and aldosterone) status of the chronic HF animals, including normalization of cardiac betaAR signaling. Addition of metoprolol neither enhanced nor decreased betaARKct-mediated beneficial effects, although metoprolol alone, despite not improving contractility, prevented further deterioration of the left ventricle.Long-term cardiac AAV6-betaARKct gene therapy in HF results in sustained improvement of global cardiac function and reversal of remodeling at least in part as a result of a normalization of the neurohormonal signaling axis. In addition, betaARKct alone improves outcomes more than a beta-blocker alone, whereas both treatments are compatible. These findings show that betaARKct gene therapy can be of long-term therapeutic value in HF.

SUBMITTER: Rengo G 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC2647661 | BioStudies | 2009-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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