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Analysis by mutagenesis of a chromosomal integron integrase from Shewanella amazonensis SB2BT.

ABSTRACT: Integrons are mobile genetic elements that can integrate and disseminate genes as cassettes by a site-specific recombination mechanism. Integrons contain an integrase gene (intI) that carries out recombination by interacting with two different target sites; the attI site in cis with the integrase and the palindromic attC site of a cassette. The plasmid-specified IntI1 excises a greater variety of cassettes (principally antibiotic resistance genes), and has greater activity, than chromosomal integrases. The aim of this study was to analyze the capacity of the chromosomal integron integrase SamIntIA of the environmental bacterium Shewanella amazonensis SB2BT to excise various cassettes and to compare the properties of the wild type with those of mutants that substitute consensus residues of active integron integrases. We show that the SamIntIA integrase is very weakly active in the excision of various cassettes but that the V206R, V206K, and V206H substitutions increase its efficiency for the excision of cassettes. Our results also suggest that the cysteine residue in the beta-5 strand is essential to the activity of Shewanella-type integrases, while the cysteine in the beta-4 strand is less important for the excision activity.

SUBMITTER: Larouche A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC2648364 | BioStudies | 2009-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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