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Dissecting the total transition state stabilization provided by amino acid side chains at orotidine 5'-monophosphate decarboxylase: a two-part substrate approach.


ABSTRACT: Kinetic analysis of decarboxylation catalyzed by S154A, Q215A, and S154A/Q215A mutant yeast orotidine 5'-monophosphate decarboxylases with orotidine 5'-monophosphate (OMP) and with a truncated nucleoside substrate (EO) activated by phosphite dianion shows (1) the side chain of Ser-154 stabilizes the transition state through interactions with the pyrimidine rings of OMP or EO, (2) the side chain of Gln-215 interacts with the phosphodianion group of OMP or with phosphite dianion, and (3) the interloop hydrogen bond between the side chains of Ser-154 and Gln-215 orients the amide side chain of Gln-215 to interact with the phosphodianion group of OMP or with phosphite dianion.

SUBMITTER: Barnett SA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC2652672 | BioStudies | 2008-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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