Dataset Information


Ischemic insult to cerebellar Purkinje cells causes diminished GABAA receptor function and allopregnanolone neuroprotection is associated with GABAA receptor stabilization.

ABSTRACT: Cerebellar Purkinje cells (PC) are particularly vulnerable to ischemic injury and excitotoxicity, although the molecular basis of this sensitivity remains unclear. We tested the hypothesis that ischemia causes rapid down-regulation of GABA(A) receptors in cerebellar PC, thereby increasing susceptibility to excitotoxicity. Oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) caused a decline in functional GABA(A) receptors, within the first hour of re-oxygenation. Decreased amplitude of miniature inhibitory post-synaptic potentials confirmed that OGD caused a significant decrease in functional synaptic GABA(A) receptors and quantitative Western blot analysis demonstrated the loss of GABA(A) receptor current was associated with a decline in total receptor protein. Interestingly, the potent neuroprotectant allopregnanolone (ALLO) prevented the decline in GABA(A) receptor current and protein. Consistent with our in vitro data, global ischemia in mice caused a significant decline in total cerebellar GABA(A) receptor protein and PC specific immunoreactivity. Moreover, ALLO provided strong protection of PC and prevented ischemia-induced decline in GABA(A) receptor protein. Our findings indicate that ischemia causes a rapid and sustained loss of GABA(A) receptors in PC, whereas ALLO prevents the decline in GABA(A) receptors and protects against ischemia-induced damage. Thus, interventions which prevent ischemia-induced decline in GABA(A) receptors may represent a novel neuroprotective strategy.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC2692389 | BioStudies | 2008-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3772679 | BioStudies
2011-01-01 | S-EPMC3133674 | BioStudies
2009-01-01 | S-EPMC2744266 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC5724004 | BioStudies
2007-01-01 | S-EPMC2570046 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC5367825 | BioStudies
2012-01-01 | S-EPMC3316884 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC3059572 | BioStudies
2001-01-01 | S-EPMC30228 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC1564205 | BioStudies