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Hoiamide a, a sodium channel activator of unusual architecture from a consortium of two papua new Guinea cyanobacteria.


ABSTRACT: Hoiamide A, a novel bioactive cyclic depsipeptide, was isolated from an environmental assemblage of the marine cyanobacteria Lyngbya majuscula and Phormidium gracile collected in Papua New Guinea. This stereochemically complex metabolite possesses a highly unusual structure, which likely derives from a mixed peptide-polyketide biogenetic origin, and includes a peptidic section featuring an acetate extended and S-adenosyl methionine modified isoleucine moiety, a triheterocyclic fragment bearing two alpha-methylated thiazolines and one thiazole, and a highly oxygenated and methylated C15-polyketide substructure. Pure hoiamide A potently inhibited [(3)H]batrachotoxin binding to voltage-gated sodium channels (IC(50) = 92.8 nM), activated sodium influx (EC(50) = 2.31 microM) in mouse neocortical neurons, and exhibited modest cytotoxicity to cancer cells. Further investigation revealed that hoiamide A is a partial agonist of site 2 on the voltage-gated sodium channel.

SUBMITTER: Pereira A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC2763540 | BioStudies | 2009-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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