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Dynameomics: a consensus view of the protein unfolding/folding transition state ensemble across a diverse set of protein folds.


ABSTRACT: The Dynameomics project aims to simulate a representative sample of all globular protein metafolds under both native and unfolding conditions. We have identified protein unfolding transition state (TS) ensembles from multiple molecular dynamics simulations of high-temperature unfolding in 183 structurally distinct proteins. These data can be used to study individual proteins and individual protein metafolds and to mine for TS structural features common across all proteins. Separating the TS structures into four different fold classes (all proteins, all-alpha, all-beta, and mixed alpha/beta and alpha +beta) resulted in no significant difference in the overall protein properties. The residues with the most contacts in the native state lost the most contacts in the TS ensemble. On average, residues beginning in an alpha-helix maintained more structure in the TS ensemble than did residues starting in beta-strands or any other conformation. The metafolds studied here represent 67% of all known protein structures, and this is, to our knowledge, the largest, most comprehensive study of the protein folding/unfolding TS ensemble to date. One might have expected broad distributions in the average global properties of the TS relative to the native state, indicating variability in the amount of structure present in the TS. Instead, the average global properties converged with low standard deviations across metafolds, suggesting that there are general rules governing the structure and properties of the TS.

SUBMITTER: Jonsson AL 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC2784564 | BioStudies | 2009-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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