All of the human beta-type globin genes compete for LCR enhancer activity in embryonic erythroid cells of yeast artificial chromosome transgenic mice.
ABSTRACT: In primitive erythroid cells of human beta-globin locus transgenic mice (TgM), the locus control region (LCR)-proximal epsilon- and gamma-globin genes are transcribed, whereas the distal delta- and beta-globin genes are silent. It is generally accepted that the beta-globin gene is competitively suppressed by gamma-globin gene expression at this developmental stage. Previously, however, we observed that epsilon-globin gene expression was severely attenuated when its distance from the LCR was extended, implying that beta-globin gene might also be silenced because of its great distance from the LCR. Here, to clarify the beta-globin gene silencing mechanism, we established TgM lines carrying either gamma- or epsilon- plus gamma-globin promoter deletions, without significantly altering the distance between the beta-globin gene and the LCR. Precocious expression of delta- and beta-globin genes was observed in primitive erythroid cells of mutant, but not wild-type TgM, which was most evident when both the epsilon and gamma promoters were deleted. Thus, we clearly demonstrated that the repression of the delta- and beta-globin genes in primitive erythroid cells is dominated by competitive silencing by the epsilon- and gamma-globin gene promoters, and that epsilon- and the other beta-like globin genes might be activated by two distinct mechanisms by the LCR.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC2812047 | BioStudies |