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Phase II, randomized, open-label study of pegfilgrastim-supported VDC/IE chemotherapy in pediatric sarcoma patients.


ABSTRACT: This multicenter, randomized, open-label study evaluated the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of a single subcutaneous pegfilgrastim injection with daily subcutaneous filgrastim administration in pediatric patients receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy for sarcoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-four patients with previously untreated, biopsy-proven sarcoma stratified into three age groups (0-5, 6-11, and 12-21 years) were randomly assigned in a 6:1 randomization ratio to receive a single pegfilgrastim dose of 100 microg/kg (n = 38) or daily filgrastim doses of 5 microg/kg (n = 6) after chemotherapy (cycles 1 and 3: vincristine-doxorubicin-cyclophosphamide; cycles 2 and 4: ifosfamide-etoposide). The duration of grade 4 neutropenia, time to neutrophil recovery, incidence of febrile neutropenia, and adverse events were recorded. Results Pegfilgrastim and filgrastim were similar for all efficacy and safety end points, and their pharmacokinetic profiles were consistent with those in adults. Younger children experienced more protracted neutropenia and had higher median pegfilgrastim exposure than older children. CONCLUSION A single dose of pegfilgrastim at 100 microg/kg administered once per chemotherapy cycle is comparable to daily injections of filgrastim at 5 microg/kg for pediatric sarcoma patients receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy.

SUBMITTER: Spunt SL 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC2834494 | BioStudies | 2010-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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