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Chromosomal position effects on AAV-mediated gene targeting.

ABSTRACT: The effects of chromosomal position and neighboring genomic elements on gene targeting in human cells remain largely unexplored. To study these, we used a shuttle vector system in which murine leukemia virus (MLV)-based proviral targets present at different chromosomal locations and containing mutations in the neomycin phosphotransferase (neo) gene were corrected by adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated gene targeting. Sixteen identical target loci present in HT-1080 human sarcoma cells were all successfully corrected by gene targeting. The gene targeting frequencies varied by as much as 10-fold, and there was a clear bias for correction of one of the targets in clones containing two target sites. The targeting frequency at each site was correlated to the proximity and density of various genomic elements, and we found a significant association of higher targeting frequencies at loci near a subset of dinucleotide microsatellite repeats (r = -0.55, P < 0.05), in particular GT repeats (r = -0.87, P < 0.0001). Additionally, there was a correlation between meiotic recombination rates and targeting frequencies at the target loci (r = 0.52, P < 0.05). There was no correlation between surrounding chromosomal transcription units and targeting frequencies. Our results indicate that certain chromosomal positions are preferred sites for gene targeting in human cells.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC2887962 | BioStudies | 2010-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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