A common variant of NOS1AP is associated with QT interval duration in a Chinese population with Type 2 diabetes.
ABSTRACT: Electrocardiographic ventricular repolarization QT parameters are independent risk factors for cardiovascular events and sudden cardiac death in diabetic patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the association of polymorphisms of the nitric oxide synthase 1 adaptor protein (NOS1AP) gene with QT interval in Chinese subjects with or without Type 2 diabetes.Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs10494366, rs12143842 and rs12029454) were genotyped in 1240 Type 2 diabetic patients (631 men and 609 women) and 1196 normal controls (433 men and 763 women). Individuals with overt diseases other than diabetes were excluded. Heart-rate corrected QT interval (QTc) was determined by standard 12-lead ECG and Bazett formula. Sex-pooled analysis and sex-specific analysis for genotype-phenotype association were both conducted.In the diabetic group, the rs12143842 T allele was associated with a 3.87-ms (P = 0.014, empirical P = 0.039) increase in QTc duration for each additional allele copy, while rs10494366 and rs12029454 exhibited no significant association with QTc. We found no evidence of association for the three SNPs in subjects with normal glucose regulation. No significant SNP-gender and -diabetes affection interaction was observed.The genetic variant rs12143842 in NOS1AP is associated with QT interval duration in a Chinese population with Type 2 diabetes. Future studies in different populations are needed to validate this finding and to evaluate the impact of NOS1AP variants on cardiovascular events and sudden cardiac death in diabetic patients.
Project description:Considerable interest exists in the identification of genetic modifiers of disease severity in the long-QT syndrome (LQTS) as their identification may contribute to refinement of risk stratification.We searched for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that modulate the corrected QT (QTc)-interval and the occurrence of cardiac events in 639 patients harboring different mutations in KCNH2. We analyzed 1201 SNPs in and around 18 candidate genes, and in another approach investigated 22 independent SNPs previously identified as modulators of QTc-interval in genome-wide association studies in the general population. In an analysis for quantitative effects on the QTc-interval, 3 independent SNPs at NOS1AP (rs10494366, P=9.5×10(-8); rs12143842, P=4.8×10(-7); and rs2880058, P=8.6×10(-7)) were strongly associated with the QTc-interval with marked effects (>12 ms/allele). Analysis of patients versus general population controls uncovered enrichment of QTc-prolonging alleles in patients for 2 SNPs, located respectively at NOS1AP (rs12029454; odds ratio, 1.85; 95% confidence interval, 1.32-2.59; P=3×10(-4)) and KCNQ1 (rs12576239; odds ratio, 1.84; 95% confidence interval, 1.31-2.60; P=5×10(-4)). An analysis of the cumulative effect of the 6 NOS1AP SNPs by means of a multilocus genetic risk score (GRS(NOS1AP)) uncovered a strong linear relationship between GRS(NOS1AP) and the QTc-interval (P=4.2×10(-7)). Furthermore, patients with a GRS(NOS1AP) in the lowest quartile had a lower relative risk of cardiac events compared with patients in the other quartiles combined (P=0.039).We uncovered unexpectedly large effects of NOS1AP SNPs on the QTc-interval and a trend for effects on risk of cardiac events. For the first time, we linked common genetic variation at KCNQ1 with risk of long-QT syndrome.
Project description:The ECG QT interval is associated with risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). A previous genome-wide association study demonstrated that allelic variants (rs10494366 and rs4657139) in the nitric oxide synthase 1 adaptor protein (NOS1AP), which encodes a carboxy-terminal PDZ ligand of neuronal nitric oxide synthase, are associated with the QT interval in white adults. The present analysis was conducted to validate the association between NOS1AP variants and the QT interval and to examine the association with SCD in a combined population of 19 295 black and white adults from the Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities Study and the Cardiovascular Health Study.We examined 19 tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the genomic blocks containing rs10494366 and rs4657139 in NOS1AP. SCD was defined as a sudden pulseless condition of cardiac origin in a previously stable individual. General linear models and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used. Multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms in NOS1AP, including rs10494366, rs4657139, and rs16847548, were significantly associated with adjusted QT interval in whites (P<0.0001). In whites, after adjustment for age, sex, and study, the relative hazard of SCD associated with each C allele at rs16847548 was 1.31 (95% confidence interval 1.10 to 1.56, P=0.002), assuming an additive model. In addition, a downstream neighboring single-nucleotide polymorphism, rs12567209, which was not correlated with rs16847548 or QT interval, was also independently associated with SCD in whites (relative hazard 0.57, 95% confidence interval 0.39 to 0.83, P=0.003). Adjustment for QT interval and coronary heart disease risk factors attenuated but did not eliminate the association between rs16847548 and SCD, and such adjustment had no effect on the association between rs12567209 and SCD. No significant associations between tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms in NOS1AP and either QT interval or SCD were observed in blacks.In a combined analysis of 2 population-based prospective cohort studies, sequence variations in NOS1AP were associated with baseline QT interval and the risk of SCD in white US adults.
Project description:Genome-wide association studies identified that the common T of rs12143842 in NOS1AP is associated with a QT/QTc interval in European populations. In this study, we test the association between the variation rs12143842 in NOS1AP and idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (IVT). A case-control association study examining rs12143842 was performed in two independent cohorts. The Northern cohort enrolled 277 IVT patients and 728 controls from a Chinese Gene ID population. The Central cohort enrolled 301 IVT patients and 803 matched controls. Genotyping was performed using high-resolution melt analysis. The minor T allele of the rs12143842 SNP was significantly associated with decreased IVT risk in the Northern cohort (adjusted P?=?0.024, OR 0.71(0.52~0.96)), and this association was replicated in an independent Central Gene ID cohort (adjusted P?=?0.029, OR 0.78 (0.62~0.97)). The association was more significant in the combined population (adjusted P?=?0.001, OR 0.76 (0.64~0.90)). The P values for the genotypic association were significant for the dominant (P?<?0.001) and additive (P?=?0.001) models. The minor T allele for the SNP rs12143842 in NOS1AP is significantly associated with IVT. NOS1AP might be a novel gene affecting IVT, and further functional studies should be performed.
Project description:Sequence variants in the NOS1AP gene have repeatedly been reported to influence QTc, albeit with moderate effect sizes. In the long QT syndrome (LQTS), this may contribute to the substantial QTc variance seen among carriers of identical pathogenic sequence variants. Here we assess three non-coding NOS1AP sequence variants, chosen for their previously reported strong association with QTc in normal and LQTS populations, for association with QTc in two Swedish LQT1 founder populations.This study included 312 individuals (58% females) from two LQT1 founder populations, whereof 227 genotype positive segregating either Y111C (n = 148) or R518* (n = 79) pathogenic sequence variants in the KCNQ1 gene, and 85 genotype negatives. All were genotyped for NOS1AP sequence variants rs12143842, rs16847548 and rs4657139, and tested for association with QTc length (effect size presented as mean difference between derived and wildtype, in ms), using a pedigree-based measured genotype association analysis. Mean QTc was obtained by repeated manual measurement (preferably in lead II) by one observer using coded 50 mm/s standard 12-lead ECGs.A substantial variance in mean QTc was seen in genotype positives 476 ± 36 ms (Y111C 483 ± 34 ms; R518* 462 ± 34 ms) and genotype negatives 433 ± 24 ms. Female sex was significantly associated with QTc prolongation in all genotype groups (p < 0.001). In a multivariable analysis including the entire study population and adjusted for KCNQ1 genotype, sex and age, NOS1AP sequence variants rs12143842 and rs16847548 (but not rs4657139) were significantly associated with QT prolongation, +18 ms (p = 0.0007) and +17 ms (p = 0.006), respectively. Significant sex-interactions were detected for both sequent variants (interaction term r = 0.892, p < 0.001 and r = 0.944, p < 0.001, respectively). Notably, across the genotype groups, when stratified by sex neither rs12143842 nor rs16847548 were significantly associated with QTc in females (both p = 0.16) while in males, a prolongation of +19 ms and +8 ms (p = 0.002 and p = 0.02) was seen in multivariable analysis, explaining up to 23% of QTc variance in all males.Sex was identified as a moderator of the association between NOS1AP sequence variants and QTc in two LQT1 founder populations. This finding may contribute to QTc sex differences and affect the usefulness of NOS1AP as a marker for clinical risk stratification in LQTS.
Project description:Through a genome-wide association study, we discovered an association of the electrocardiographic QT interval with polymorphisms in the NOS1AP (CAPON) gene. The purpose of the current study was to replicate this association in the Old Order Amish.Four NOS1AP SNPs were selected that captured all major haplotypes in the region of interest ( approximately 120 kb segment). Genotyping was completed in 763 subjects from the Heredity and Phenotype Intervention (HAPI) Heart Study. Association analyses were performed using a variance components methodology, accounting for relatedness of individuals.Heritability of the QT interval was 0.50 +/- 0.09 (p = 1.9 x 10(-9)). All four SNPs were common with a high degree of correlation between SNPs. Two of the four SNPs (pairwise r(2) = 0.86) were significantly associated with variation in adjusted QT interval (rs1415262, p = 0.02 and rs10494366, p = 0.006, additive models for both). SNP rs10494366 explained 0.9% of QT interval variability, with an average genetic effect of 6.1 ms. Haplotypes that contained the minor allele for rs10494366 were associated with longer QT interval.This study provides further evidence that NOS1AP variants influence QT interval and further validates the utility of genome-wide association studies, a relatively new approach to gene discovery.
Project description:AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:To validate the reported association between rs10494366 in NOS1AP (the gene encoding nitric oxide synthase-1 adaptor protein) and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in calcium channel blocker (CCB) users and to identify additional NOS1AP variants associated with type 2 diabetes risk. METHODS:Data from 9 years of follow-up in 9,221 middle-aged white and 2,724 African-American adults free of diabetes at baseline from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study were analysed. Nineteen NOS1AP variants were examined for associations with incident diabetes and fasting glucose levels stratified by baseline CCB use. RESULTS:Prevalence of CCB use at baseline was 2.7% (n = 247) in whites and 2.3% (n = 72) in African-Americans. Among white CCB users, the G allele of rs10494366 was associated with lower diabetes incidence (HR 0.57, 95% CI 0.35-0.92, p = 0.016). The association was marginally significant after adjusting for age, sex, obesity, smoking, alcohol use, physical activity, hypertension, heart rate and electrocardiographic QT interval (HR 0.63, 95% CI 0.38-1.04, p = 0.052). rs10494366 was associated with lower average fasting glucose during follow-up (p = 0.037). No other variants were associated with diabetes risk in CCB users after multiple-testing correction. No associations were observed between any NOS1AP variant and diabetes development in non-CCB users. NOS1AP variants were not associated with diabetes risk in either African-American CCB users or non-CCB users. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION:We have independently replicated the association between rs10494366 in NOS1AP and incident diabetes among white CCB users. Further exploration of NOS1AP variants and type 2 diabetes and functional studies of NOS1AP in type 2 diabetes pathology is warranted.
Project description:To identify loci affecting the electrocardiographic QT interval, a measure of cardiac repolarisation associated with risk of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death, we conducted a meta-analysis of three genome-wide association studies (GWAS) including 3,558 subjects from the TwinsUK and BRIGHT cohorts in the UK and the DCCT/EDIC cohort from North America. Five loci were significantly associated with QT interval at P<1x10(-6). To validate these findings we performed an in silico comparison with data from two QT consortia: QTSCD (n = 15,842) and QTGEN (n = 13,685). Analysis confirmed the association between common variants near NOS1AP (P = 1.4x10(-83)) and the phospholamban (PLN) gene (P = 1.9x10(-29)). The most associated SNP near NOS1AP (rs12143842) explains 0.82% variance; the SNP near PLN (rs11153730) explains 0.74% variance of QT interval duration. We found no evidence for interaction between these two SNPs (P = 0.99). PLN is a key regulator of cardiac diastolic function and is involved in regulating intracellular calcium cycling, it has only recently been identified as a susceptibility locus for QT interval. These data offer further mechanistic insights into genetic influence on the QT interval which may predispose to life threatening arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death.
Project description:In congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS), a genetically heterogeneous disorder that predisposes to sudden cardiac death, genetic factors other than the primary mutation may modify the probability of life-threatening events. Recent evidence indicates that common variants in NOS1AP are associated with the QT-interval duration in the general population.We tested the hypothesis that common variants in NOS1AP modify the risk of clinical manifestations and the degree of QT-interval prolongation in a South African LQTS population (500 subjects, 205 mutation carriers) segregating a founder mutation in KCNQ1 (A341V) using a family-based association analysis. NOS1AP variants were significantly associated with the occurrence of symptoms (rs4657139, P=0.019; rs16847548, P=0.003), with clinical severity, as manifested by a greater probability for cardiac arrest and sudden death (rs4657139, P=0.028; rs16847548, P=0.014), and with greater likelihood of having a QT interval in the top 40% of values among all mutation carriers (rs4657139, P=0.03; rs16847548, P=0.03).These findings indicate that NOS1AP, a gene first identified as affecting the QTc interval in a general population, also influences sudden death risk in subjects with LQTS. The association of NOS1AP genetic variants with risk for life-threatening arrhythmias suggests that this gene is a genetic modifier of LQTS, and this knowledge may be clinically useful for risk stratification for patients with this disease, after validation in other LQTS populations.
Project description:Background Sudden cardiac death (SCD) accounts for ?300 000 deaths annually in the United States. Men have a higher risk of SCD and are more likely to have underlying coronary artery disease, while women are more likely to have arrhythmic events in the setting of inherited or acquired QT prolongation. Moreover, there is evidence of sex differences in the genetics of QT interval duration. Using sex- and coronary artery disease-stratified analyses, we assess differences in genetic association between longer QT interval and SCD risk. Methods and Results We examined 2282 SCD subjects and 3561 Finnish controls. The SCD subjects were stratified by underlying disease (ischemic versus nonischemic) and by sex. We used logistic regression to test for association between the top QT interval-associated single-nucleotide polymorphism, rs12143842 (in the NOS1AP locus), and SCD risk. We also performed Mendelian randomization to test for causal association of QT interval in the various subgroups. No statistically significant differences were observed between the sexes for associations with rs12143842, despite the odds ratio being higher in females across all subgroup analyses. Consistent with our hypothesis, female non-ischemics had the highest odds ratio point estimate for association between rs12143842 and SCD risk and male ischemics the lowest odds ratio point estimate (P=0.036 for difference). Similar trends were observed for the Mendelian randomization analysis. Conclusions While individual subgroup comparisons did not achieve traditional criteria for statistical significance, this study is consistent with the hypothesis that the causal association of longer QT interval on SCD risk is stronger in women and nonischemic individuals.
Project description:The QT interval (QT) is heritable and its prolongation is a risk factor for ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden death. Most genetic studies of QT have examined European ancestral populations; however, the increased genetic diversity in African Americans provides opportunities to narrow association signals and identify population-specific variants. We therefore evaluated 6,670 SNPs spanning eleven previously identified QT loci in 8,644 African American participants from two Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) studies: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study and Women's Health Initiative Clinical Trial. Of the fifteen known independent QT variants at the eleven previously identified loci, six were significantly associated with QT in African American populations (P?1.20×10(-4)): ATP1B1, PLN1, KCNQ1, NDRG4, and two NOS1AP independent signals. We also identified three population-specific signals significantly associated with QT in African Americans (P?1.37×10(-5)): one at NOS1AP and two at ATP1B1. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) patterns in African Americans assisted in narrowing the region likely to contain the functional variants for several loci. For example, African American LD patterns showed that 0 SNPs were in LD with NOS1AP signal rs12143842, compared with European LD patterns that indicated 87 SNPs, which spanned 114.2 Kb, were in LD with rs12143842. Finally, bioinformatic-based characterization of the nine African American signals pointed to functional candidates located exclusively within non-coding regions, including predicted binding sites for transcription factors such as TBX5, which has been implicated in cardiac structure and conductance. In this detailed evaluation of QT loci, we identified several African Americans SNPs that better define the association with QT and successfully narrowed intervals surrounding established loci. These results demonstrate that the same loci influence variation in QT across multiple populations, that novel signals exist in African Americans, and that the SNPs identified as strong candidates for functional evaluation implicate gene regulatory dysfunction in QT prolongation.