Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Notch1 is required for maintenance of the reservoir of adult hippocampal stem cells.


ABSTRACT: Notch1 regulates neural stem cell (NSC) number during development, but its role in adult neurogenesis is unclear. We generated nestin-CreER(T2)/R26R-YFP/Notch1(loxP/loxP) [Notch1inducible knock-out (iKO)] mice to allow tamoxifen (TAM)-inducible elimination of Notch1 and concomitant expression of yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) in nestin-expressing Type-1 NSCs and their progeny in the adult hippocampal subgranular zone (SGZ). Consistent with previous research, YFP+ cells in all stages of neurogenesis were evident in the subgranular zone (SGZ) of wild-type (WT) mice (nestin-CreER(T2)/R26R-YFP/Notch1(w/w)) after tamoxifen (post-TAM), producing adult-generated YFP+ dentate gyrus neurons. Compared with WT littermates, Notch1 iKO mice had similar numbers of total SGZ YFP+ cells 13 and 30 d post-TAM but had significantly fewer SGZ YFP+ cells 60 and 90 d post-TAM. Significantly fewer YFP+ Type-1 NSCs and transiently amplifying progenitors (TAPs) resulted in generation of fewer YFP+ granule neurons in Notch1 iKO mice. Strikingly, 30 d of running rescued this deficit, as the total YFP+ cell number in Notch iKO mice was equivalent to WT levels. This was even more notable given the persistent deficits in the Type-1 NSC and TAP reservoirs. Our data show that Notch1 signaling is required to maintain a reservoir of undifferentiated cells and ensure continuity of adult hippocampal neurogenesis, but that alternative Notch- and Type-1 NSC-independent pathways compensate in response to physical activity. These data shed light on the complex relationship between Type-1 NSCs, adult neurogenesis, the neurogenic niche, and environmental stimuli.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC2935844 | BioStudies | 2010-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

| S-EPMC3718551 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6389421 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6999625 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6398449 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6222979 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3753242 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC2185820 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6929441 | BioStudies
2008-01-01 | S-EPMC3651371 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC4579569 | BioStudies