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Intravenous injection of apolipoprotein A-V reconstituted high-density lipoprotein decreases hypertriglyceridemia in apoav-/- mice and requires glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored high-density lipoprotein-binding protein 1.

ABSTRACT: Apolipoprotein A-V (apoA-V), a minor protein associated with lipoproteins, has a major effect on triacylglycerol (TG) metabolism. We investigated whether apoA-V complexed with phospholipid in the form of a reconstituted high-density lipoprotein (rHDL) has potential utility as a therapeutic agent for treatment of hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) when delivered intravenously.Intravenous injection studies were performed in genetically engineered mouse models of severe HTG, including apoav-/- and gpihbp1-/- mice. Administration of apoA-V rHDL to hypertriglyceridemic apoav-/- mice resulted in a 60% reduction in plasma TG concentration after 4 hours. This decline can be attributed to enhanced catabolism/clearance of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), where VLDL TG and cholesterol were reduced ?60%. ApoA-V that associated with VLDL after injection was also rapidly cleared. Site-specific mutations in the heparin-binding region of apoA-V (amino acids 186 to 227) attenuated apoA-V rHDL TG-lowering activity by 50%, suggesting that this sequence element is required for optimal TG-lowering activity in vivo. Unlike apoav-/- mice, injection of apoA-V rHDL into gpihbp1-/- mice had no effect on plasma TG levels, and apoA-V remained associated with plasma VLDL.Intravenously injected apoA-V rHDL significantly lowers plasma TG in an apoA-V deficient mouse model. Its intravenous administration may have therapeutic benefit in human subjects with severe HTG, especially in cases involving apoA-V variants associated with HTG.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC2988087 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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