Crystallization and preliminary X-ray structural analysis of nucleoside triphosphate hydrolases from Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii.
ABSTRACT: The nucleoside triphosphate hydrolases that are produced by Neospora caninum (NcNTPase) and Toxoplasma gondii (TgNTPase-I) have a different physiological function from the ubiquitous ecto-ATPases. The recombinant enzymes were crystallized at 293 K using polyethylene glycol 3350 as a precipitant and X-ray diffraction data sets were collected for NcNTPase (to 2.8 Å resolution) and TgNTPase-I (to 3.1 Å resolution) at 100 K using synchrotron radiation. The crystals of NcNTPase and TgNTPase-I belonged to the orthorhombic space group I222 (unit-cell parameters a = 93.6, b = 140.8, c = 301.1 Å) and the monoclinic space group P2(1) (unit-cell parameters a = 87.1, b = 123.5, c = 120.2 Å, β = 96.6°), respectively, with two NcNTPase (V(M) = 3.7 Å(3) Da(-1)) and four TgNTPase-I (V(M) = 2.7 Å(3) Da(-1)) molecules per asymmetric unit. SAD phasing trials using a data set (λ = 0.97904 Å) collected from a crystal of selenomethionylated NcNTPase gave an initial electron-density map of sufficient quality to build a molecular model of NcNTPase.
Project description:Endo-β-1,4-D-xylanases are used in a multitude of industrial applications. Native crystals of a cold-adapted xylanase from glycoside hydrolase family 8 were obtained by the vapour-diffusion technique. The crystals belonged to space group I222, with unit-cell parameters a=46.6, b=110.8, c=150.2 Å at 100 K, and diffracted to 2.7 Å resolution at a synchrotron source. The asymmetric unit is likely to contain one molecule, with a VM of 2.07 Å3 Da(-1), corresponding to a solvent content of ∼40%.
Project description:DnaJ, cooperating with DnaK and GrpE, promotes the folding of unfolded hydrophobic polypeptides, dissociates protein complexes and translocates protein across membranes. Additionally, DnaJ from Streptococcus pneumoniae (SpDnaJ) is involved in the infectious disease process and is being developed as a potential vaccine to prevent bacterial infection. Here the expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary crystallographic analysis of SpDnaJ are reported. The crystals belong to space groups I222 or I2?2?2? and the diffraction resolution is 3.0?Å with unit-cell parameters a=47.68, b=104.45, c=234.57?Å. The crystal most likely contains one molecule in the asymmetric unit, with a VM value of 3.24?Å3?Da(-1) and a solvent content of 62.1%.
Project description:Tuberculosis is a widespread and deadly infectious disease, and one third of the human population is already infected. Vitamin B6 is known to be synthesized through consecutive reactions mediated by pyridoxal biosynthesis lyase (PdxS) and glutamine amidotransferase (PdxT). The gene product Rv2606c, the PdxS pyridoxal biosynthesis lyase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, was crystallized using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method in the presence of 8%(w/v) PEG 8000, 0.1?M 3-(cyclohexylamino)-1-propanesulfonic acid pH 10.5 and 0.2?M sodium chloride at 295?K. X-ray diffraction data were collected to a maximum resolution of 1.7?Å on a synchrotron beamline. The crystal belonged to space group I222 or I212121, with unit-cell parameters a = 110.75, b = 126.08, c = 180.82?Å, ? = ? = ? = 90°. With three molecules per asymmetric unit, the crystal volume per unit protein weight (VM) was 3.79?Å(3)?Da(-1).
Project description:Crotamine, a highly basic myotoxic polypeptide (molecular mass 4881 Da) isolated from the venom of the Brazilian rattlesnake Crotalus durissus terrificus, causes skeletal muscle contraction and spasms, affects the functioning of voltage-sensitive sodium channels by inducing sodium influx and possesses antitumour activity, suggesting potential pharmaceutical applications. Crotamine was purified from C. durissus terrificus venom; the crystals diffracted to 1.9 Å resolution and belonged to the orthorhombic space group I2(1)2(1)2(1) or I222, with unit-cell parameters a = 67.75, b = 74.4, c = 81.01 Å. The self-rotation function indicated that the asymmetric unit contained three molecules. However, structure determination by molecular replacement using NMR-determined coordinates was unsuccessful and a search for potential derivatives has been initiated.
Project description:DwL, a lectin extracted from the seeds of Dioclea wilsonii, is a metalloprotein with strong agglutinating activity against rabbit and ABO erythrocytes, inhibited by glucose and mannose. DwL was purified by affinity chromatography on a Sephadex G-50 column and ion exchange chromatography on a HiTrap SP XL column. SDS-PAGE revealed three electrophoretic bands corresponding to the ? (25,634 ± 2 Da), ? (12,873 ± 2 Da) and ? (12,779 ± 2 Da) chains. Protein sequencing was done by Tandem Mass Spectrometry. The primary sequence featured 237 amino acids and was highly homologous to other reported Diocleinae lectins. A complete X-ray dataset was collected at 2.0 Å for X-Man-complexed DWL crystals produced by the vapor diffusion method. The crystals were orthorhombic and belonged to the space group I222, with the unit-cell parameters a = 59.6, b = 67.9 and c = 109.0 Å. DWL differed in potency from other ConA-like lectins and was found to induce neutrophil migration in rats, making it particularly useful in structural/functional studies of this class of proteins.
Project description:Phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) is a widespread two-domain enzyme that plays a critical role in the glycolytic pathway. Several glycolytic enzymes from streptococci have been identified as surface-exposed proteins that are involved in streptococcal virulence by their ability to bind host proteins. This binding allows pneumococcal cells to disseminate through the epithelial and endothelial layers. Crystallization of PGK from Streptococcus pneumoniae yielded orthorhombic crystals (space group I222, unit-cell parameters a = 62.73, b = 75.38, c = 83.63 Å). However, the unit cell of these crystals was not compatible with the presence of full-length PGK. Various analytical methods showed that only the N-terminal domain of PGK was present in the I222 crystals. The ternary complex of PGK with adenylyl imidodiphosphate (AMP-PNP) and 3-phospho-D-glycerate (3PGA) produced monoclinic crystals (space group P2(1), unit-cell parameters a = 40.35, b = 78.23, c = 59.03 Å, ? = 96.34°). Molecular replacement showed that this new crystal form contained full-length PGK, thereby indicating the relevance of including substrates in order to avoid proteolysis during the crystallization process.
Project description:The UBX domain of Fas-associated factor 1 (FAF1) binds to the N domain of p97/VCP, a multi-functional hexameric ATPase, and FAF1 thus inhibits the proteasome-mediated protein-degradation process assisted by p97/VCP. Here, crystallization of the hexameric p97/VCP ND1 fragment in complex with the FAF1 UBX domain is reported. Wild-type p97/VCP ND1 in complex with FAF1 UBX crystallized into very thin sheet-shaped crystals which turned out to be of poor diffraction quality. Therefore, in order to acquire a better diffraction-quality crystal, three mutants of p97/VCP ND1 were generated based on the surface-entropy reduction method. Of these, a triple mutant was the most successful in producing diffraction-quality crystals suitable for subsequent structural analysis. X-ray data were collected to 3.60 Å resolution and the crystals belonged to space group I222, with unit-cell parameters a = 166.28, b = 170.04, c = 255.99 Å. The Matthews coefficient and solvent content were estimated to be 5.78 Å(3) Da(-1) and 78.72%, respectively.
Project description:Toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are widespread in both bacteria and archaea, where they enable cells to adapt to environmental cues. TA systems play crucial roles in various cellular processes, such as programmed cell death, cell growth, persistence and virulence. Here, two distinct forms of the type II toxin-antitoxin complex HicAB were identified and characterized in Escherichia coli K-12, and both were successfully overexpressed and purified. The two proposed forms, HicABL and HicABS, differed in the presence or absence of a seven-amino-acid segment at the N-terminus in the antitoxin HicB. The short form HicABS readily crystallized under the conditions 0.1?M Tris-HCl pH 8.0, 20%(w/v) PEG 6000, 0.2?M ammonium sulfate. The HicABS crystal diffracted and data were collected to 2.5?Å resolution. The crystal belonged to space group I222 or I212121, with unit-cell parameters a = 67.04, b = 66.31, c = 120.78?Å. Matthews coefficient calculation suggested the presence of two molecules each of HicA and HicBS in the asymmetric unit, with a solvent content of 55.28% and a Matthews coefficient (VM) of 2.75?Å3?Da-1.
Project description:A recombinant glycosyltransferase, VinC, from Streptomyces halstedii HC34 has been crystallized at 293 K using PEG 3350 as precipitant. The diffraction pattern of the crystal extends to 2.0 A resolution at 100 K using synchrotron radiation at SPring-8. The crystals are orthorhombic and belong to space group I222, with unit-cell parameters a = 98.21, b = 130.39, c = 140.11 A. The presence of two molecules per asymmetric unit gives a crystal volume per protein weight (V(M)) of 2.43 A(3) Da(-1) and a solvent content of 49.5% by volume.
Project description:ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, also known as traffic ATPases, form a large family of integral membrane proteins responsible for the translocation of a variety of chemically diverse substrates across the lipid bilayers of cellular membranes of both prokaryotes and eukaryotes by the hydrolysis of ATP. The ATP-binding subunit of an ABC transporter from Geobacillus kaustophilus, a homodimeric enzyme, was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified. Crystals were obtained using the microbatch-under-oil method at 291?K. X-ray diffraction data to 1.6?Å resolution were collected on SPring-8 beamline BL26B1. The crystals belonged to the orthorhombic space group I222, with unit-cell parameters a=54.94, b=78.63, c=112.96?Å. Assuming the presence of a dimer in the asymmetric unit gave a crystal volume per protein weight (VM) of 2.32?Å3?Da(-1) and a solvent content of 47%; this was consistent with the results of a dynamic light-scattering experiment, which showed a dimeric state of the protein in solution. Molecular-replacement trials using the crystal structure of HisP from the Salmonella typhimurium ATP-binding subunit of an ABC transporter as a search model did not provide a satisfactory solution, indicating that the two ATP-binding subunits of ABC transporters have substantially different structures.