Dataset Information


TDP2/TTRAP is the major 5'-tyrosyl DNA phosphodiesterase activity in vertebrate cells and is critical for cellular resistance to topoisomerase II-induced DNA damage.

ABSTRACT: Topoisomerase II (Top2) activity involves an intermediate in which the topoisomerase is covalently bound to a DNA double-strand break via a 5'-phosphotyrosyl bond. Although these intermediates are normally transient, they can be stabilized by antitumor agents that act as Top2 "poisons," resulting in the induction of cytotoxic double-strand breaks, and they are implicated in the formation of site-specific translocations that are commonly associated with cancer. Recently, we revealed that TRAF and TNF receptor-associated protein (TTRAP) is a 5'-tyrosyl DNA phosphodiesterase (5'-TDP) that can cleave 5'-phosphotyrosyl bonds, and we denoted this protein tyrosyl DNA phosphodiesterase-2 (TDP2). Here, we have generated TDP2-deleted DT40 cells, and we show that TDP2 is the major if not the only 5'-TDP activity present in vertebrate cells. We also show that TDP2-deleted DT40 cells are highly sensitive to the anticancer Top2 poison, etoposide, but are not hypersensitive to the Top1 poison camptothecin or the DNA-alkyating agent methyl methanesulfonate. These data identify an important mechanism for resistance to Top2-induced chromosome breakage and raise the possibility that TDP2 is a significant factor in cancer development and treatment.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3012998 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

| S-EPMC3458563 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6952553 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC4939481 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC4857006 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3592926 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC4872741 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC5623066 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC4925160 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC5778467 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC7293035 | BioStudies