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Regulation of PTEN expression by the SWI/SNF chromatin-remodelling protein BRG1 in human colorectal carcinoma cells.

ABSTRACT: Aberrant expression of Brahma-related gene-1 (BRG1), a core component of the SWI/SNF chromatin-remodelling complex, has been implicated in cancer development; however, the biological significance of BRG1 in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) remains unknown.In CRC tissues, expression of BRG1 and Brahma (BRM) was investigated immunohistochemically. Colorectal carcinoma-derived DLD-1 cells were used for knockdown of BRG1 and PTEN with small interfering RNA (siRNA) and transduction of Akt. Complementary DNA (cDNA) microarray analysis was performed to explore the genes affected by BRG1.Expression of BRG1, but not BRM, was frequently elevated in CRC specimens, and knockdown of BRG1 suppressed cell proliferation of DLD-1 cells. By cDNA microarray, we determined that PTEN expression was negatively regulated by BRG1 in DLD-1 cells, which subsequently influenced the cyclin D1 levels via the phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase (PI3K)-Akt signalling pathway. The interplay of BRG1 on cyclin D1 expression was confirmed by the introduction of Akt and knockdown of PTEN in the BRG1 siRNA-transduced DLD-1 cells. Interestingly, this positive correlation between BRG1 and cyclin D1 expression was also observed in CRC specimens.Brahma-related gene-1 has an important role in the process of CRC development by activating the PI3K-Akt signalling pathway and resultant upregulation of cyclin D1 levels.

SUBMITTER: Watanabe T 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3039810 | BioStudies | 2011-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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