Dataset Information


Unresolved molecular phylogenies of gibbons and siamangs (Family: Hylobatidae) based on mitochondrial, Y-linked, and X-linked loci indicate a rapid Miocene radiation or sudden vicariance event.

ABSTRACT: According to recent taxonomic reclassification, the primate family Hylobatidae contains four genera (Hoolock, Nomascus, Symphalangus, and Hylobates) and between 14 and 18 species, making it by far the most species-rich group of extant hominoids. Known as the "small apes", these small arboreal primates are distributed throughout Southeast, South and East Asia. Considerable uncertainty surrounds the phylogeny of extant hylobatids, particularly the relationships among the genera and the species within the Hylobates genus. In this paper we use parsimony, likelihood, and Bayesian methods to analyze a dataset containing nearly 14 kilobase pairs, which includes newly collected sequences from X-linked, Y-linked, and mitochondrial loci together with data from previous mitochondrial studies. Parsimony, likelihood, and Bayesian analyses largely failed to find a significant difference among phylogenies with any of the four genera as the most basal taxon. All analyses, however, support a tree with Hylobates and Symphalangus as most closely related genera. One strongly supported phylogenetic result within the Hylobates genus is that Hylobates pileatus is the most basal taxon. Multiple analyses failed to find significant support for any singular genus-level phylogeny. While it is natural to suspect that there might not be sufficient data for phylogenetic resolution (whenever that situation occurs), an alternative hypothesis relating to the nature of gibbon speciation exists. This lack of resolution may be the result of a rapid radiation or a sudden vicariance event of the hylobatid genera, and it is likely that a similarly rapid radiation occurred within the Hylobates genus. Additional molecular and paleontological evidence are necessary to better test among these, and other, hypotheses of hylobatid evolution.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3046308 | BioStudies | 2011-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2012-01-01 | S-EPMC3472497 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4495929 | BioStudies
2010-01-01 | S-EPMC3009715 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC5850733 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4423371 | BioStudies
2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3637282 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5359874 | BioStudies
2014-01-01 | S-EPMC4249732 | BioStudies
| PRJDB9913 | ENA
2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3828321 | BioStudies