Transcriptional profiling of CD133(+) cells in coronary artery disease and effects of exercise on gene expression.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AIMS:Bone marrow (BM)-derived progenitor cells are under investigation for cardiovascular repair but may be altered by disease. Our aim was to identify differences in gene expression in CD133(+) cells of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and healthy controls, and determine whether exercise modifies gene expression. METHODS:CD133(+) cells were flow-sorted from 10 CAD patients and four controls, and total RNA was isolated for microarray-based gene expression profiling. Genes that were found to be differentially regulated in patients were analyzed further to investigate whether exercise had any normalizing effect on CD133(+) cells in CAD patients following 3 months of an exercise program. RESULTS:Improvement in effort tolerance and increases in the number of CD133(+) cells were observed in CAD patients after 3 months of exercise. Gene expression analysis of the CD133(+) cells identified 82 differentially expressed genes (2-fold cut-off, 25% false-discovery rate and % present calls) in patients compared with controls, of which 59 were found to be up-regulated and 23 down-regulated. These genes were found to be involved in carbohydrate metabolism, cell cycle, cellular development and signaling, and molecular transport. Following completion of the exercise program, gene expression patterns resembled those of controls in seven of 10 patients. CONCLUSIONS:Alterations in gene expression of BM-derived CD133(+) progenitor cells were found in CAD patients, which in part may be normalized by exercise.
Project description:Bone marrow-derived progenitor cells are under investigation for cardiovascular repair, but may be altered by disease. We identified 82 differentially expressed genes in CD133+ cells from patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) versus controls, of which 59 were found to be up-regulated and 23 down-regulated. These genes were found to be involved in carbohydrate metabolism, cellular development and signaling, molecular transport and cell differentiation. Following completion of an exercise program, gene expression patterns resembled those of controls in 7 of 10 patients. Blood sampled from 4 healthy subjects (H), and from 10 patients with coronary artery disease at baseline (A) and after 3 months (B) of exercise.
Project description:Bone marrow-derived progenitor cells are under investigation for cardiovascular repair, but may be altered by disease. We identified 82 differentially expressed genes in CD133+ cells from patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) versus controls, of which 59 were found to be up-regulated and 23 down-regulated. These genes were found to be involved in carbohydrate metabolism, cellular development and signaling, molecular transport and cell differentiation. Following completion of an exercise program, gene expression patterns resembled those of controls in 7 of 10 patients. Overall design: Blood sampled from 4 healthy subjects (H), and from 10 patients with coronary artery disease at baseline (A) and after 3 months (B) of exercise.
Project description:Owing to the dynamic nature of the transcriptome, gene expression profiling is a promising tool for discovery of disease-related genes and biological pathways. In the present study, we examined gene expression in whole blood of 12 patients with CAD (coronary artery disease) and 12 healthy control subjects. Furthermore, ten patients with CAD underwent whole-blood gene expression analysis before and after the completion of a cardiac rehabilitation programme following surgical coronary revascularization. mRNA and miRNA (microRNA) were isolated for expression profiling. Gene expression analysis identified 365 differentially expressed genes in patients with CAD compared with healthy controls (175 up- and 190 down-regulated in CAD), and 645 in CAD rehabilitation patients (196 up- and 449 down-regulated post-rehabilitation). Biological pathway analysis identified a number of canonical pathways, including oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial function, as being significantly and consistently modulated across the groups. Analysis of miRNA expression revealed a number of differentially expressed miRNAs, including hsa-miR-140-3p (control compared with CAD, P=0.017), hsa-miR-182 (control compared with CAD, P=0.093), hsa-miR-92a and hsa-miR-92b (post- compared with pre-exercise, P<0.01). Global analysis of predicted miRNA targets found significantly reduced expression of genes with target regions compared with those without: hsa-miR-140-3p (P=0.002), hsa-miR-182 (P=0.001), hsa-miR-92a and hsa-miR-92b (P=2.2x10-16). In conclusion, using whole blood as a 'surrogate tissue' in patients with CAD, we have identified differentially expressed miRNAs, differentially regulated genes and modulated pathways which warrant further investigation in the setting of cardiovascular function. This approach may represent a novel non-invasive strategy to unravel potentially modifiable pathways and possible therapeutic targets in cardiovascular disease.
Project description:Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients exist an imbalance between regulatory T (Treg) and T helper 17 cells (Th17), which might be contributed by defective immune regulation of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) from SLE patients. Our microRNA array analysis showed markedly down-regulated expression levels of microRNA let-7f in BM-MSCs from SLE patients compared to those from normal controls (NOR). To explore the role of let-7f in the disease pathogenesis, we showed that expression levels of let-7f in SLE BM-MSCs were negatively associated with SLE disease activity, and the predicted let-7 family targeted gene expression of interlukin-6 (IL-6) was significantly higher in BM-MSCs from SLE patients compared to normal controls (NOR). Transient transfection of BM-MSCs with let-7f mimics or inhibitors showed reduced levels of let-7f impaired the proliferation rate of BM-MSCs, BM-MSC-mediated downregulation of Th17 cells and upregulation of Treg cells, increased the apoptosis rate of BM-MSCs through targeting IL-6 and activating signal transducers and activators of transcription-3 (STAT3) pathway, but had no significant effect on the differentiation of Th1 and Th2. Our findings showed a key role of let-7f in the imbalance of Treg/Th17 mediated by SLE BM-MSCs, suggesting the potential of manipulating let-7f expression in BM-MSCs for treating SLE patients.
Project description:Regulation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) by bone marrow (BM) niches has been extensively studied; however, whether and how HSC subpopulations are distinctively regulated by BM niches remain unclear. Here, we functionally distinguished reserve HSCs (rHSCs) from primed HSCs (pHSCs) based on their response to chemotherapy and examined how they are dichotomously regulated by BM niches. Both pHSCs and rHSCs supported long-term hematopoiesis in homeostasis; however, pHSCs were sensitive but rHSCs were resistant to chemotherapy. Surviving rHSCs restored the HSC pool and supported hematopoietic regeneration after chemotherapy. The rHSCs were preferentially maintained in the endosteal region that enriches N-cadherin+ (N-cad+) bone-lining cells in homeostasis and post-chemotherapy. N-cad+ cells were functional bone and marrow stromal progenitor cells (BMSPCs), giving rise to osteoblasts, adipocytes, and chondrocytes in vitro and in vivo. Finally, ablation of N-cad+ niche cells or deletion of SCF from N-cad+ niche cells impaired rHSC maintenance during homeostasis and regeneration.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Although several preclinical studies have shown that bone marrow cell (BMC) transplantation promotes cardiac recovery after myocardial infarction, clinical trials with unfractionated bone marrow have shown variable improvements in cardiac function. METHODS:To determine whether in a population of post-myocardial infarction patients, functional recovery after BM transplant is associated with specific BMC subpopulation, we examined the association between BMCs with left ventricular (LV) function in the LateTIME-CCTRN trial. RESULTS:In this population, we found that older individuals had higher numbers of BM CD133(+) and CD3(+) cells. Bone marrow from individuals with high body mass index had lower CD45(dim)/CD11b(dim) levels, whereas those with hypertension and higher C-reactive protein levels had higher numbers of CD133(+) cells. Smoking was associated with higher levels of CD133(+)/CD34(+)/VEGFR2(+) cells and lower levels of CD3(+) cells. Adjusted multivariate analysis indicated that CD11b(dim) cells were negatively associated with changes in LV ejection fraction and wall motion in both the infarct and border zones. Change in LV ejection fraction was positively associated with CD133(+), CD34(+), and CD45(+)/CXCR4(dim) cells as well as faster BMC growth rates in endothelial colony forming assays. CONCLUSIONS:In the LateTIME population, BM composition varied with patient characteristics and treatment. Irrespective of cell therapy, recovery of LV function was greater in patients with greater BM abundance of CD133(+) and CD34(+) cells and worse in those with higher levels of CD11b(dim) cells. Bone marrow phenotype might predict clinical response before BMC therapy and administration of selected BM constituents could potentially improve outcomes of other future clinical trials.
Project description:In an attempt to identify novel markers and immunological targets in leukemic stem cells (LSCs) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), we screened bone marrow (BM) samples from patients with AML (n = 274) or CML (n = 97) and controls (n = 288) for expression of cell membrane antigens on CD34+/CD38- and CD34+/CD38+ cells by multicolor flow cytometry. In addition, we established messenger RNA expression profiles in purified sorted CD34+/CD38- and CD34+/CD38+ cells using gene array and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Aberrantly expressed markers were identified in all cohorts. In CML, CD34+/CD38- LSCs exhibited an almost invariable aberration profile, defined as CD25+/CD26+/CD56+/CD93+/IL-1RAP+. By contrast, in patients with AML, CD34+/CD38- cells variably expressed "aberrant" membrane antigens, including CD25 (48%), CD96 (40%), CD371 (CLL-1; 68%), and IL-1RAP (65%). With the exception of a subgroup of FLT3 internal tandem duplication-mutated patients, AML LSCs did not exhibit CD26. All other surface markers and target antigens detected on AML and/or CML LSCs, including CD33, CD44, CD47, CD52, CD105, CD114, CD117, CD133, CD135, CD184, and roundabout-4, were also found on normal BM stem cells. However, several of these surface targets, including CD25, CD33, and CD123, were expressed at higher levels on CD34+/CD38- LSCs compared with normal BM stem cells. Moreover, antibody-mediated immunological targeting through CD33 or CD52 resulted in LSC depletion in vitro and a substantially reduced LSC engraftment in NOD.Cg-PrkdcscidIl2rgtm1Wjl/SzJ (NSG) mice. Together, we have established surface marker and target expression profiles of AML LSCs and CML LSCs, which should facilitate LSC enrichment, diagnostic LSC phenotyping, and development of LSC-eradicating immunotherapies.
Project description:Acquired aplastic anemia (AA) is characterized by deficiency or dysfunction of the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. However, little is known about the impairment of BM-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in AA patients.We used Illumina HiSeqTM 2000 sequencing, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), flow cytometry (FCM), and Western blotting to test the expression of CD106 gene (vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM1)) and CD106 protein of BM-MSCs. Furthermore, we used hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and histochemical staining analysis, immunofluorescence, and the formation of capillary-like structures to analyze capillary tube-like formation in vitro; we also used the Matrigel plug assay to test in vivo vasculogenesis, and an assay of colony forming units (CFUs) and colony-forming unit-megakaryocyte (CFU-MK) to detect the support function of MSCs in vitro. The in vivo engraftment of CD34+ cells and MSCs in NOD/SCID mice was tested by FACS and survival assay; the expression of NF-?B was tested by NanoPro analysis and immunofluorescence. NF-?B-regulated CD106 gene (VCAM1) was confirmed by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?)-stimulated and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated MSCs, blockade assay, and immunofluorescence.Here, we report that BM-MSCs from AA patients exhibited downregulation of the CD06 gene (VCAM1) and low expression of CD106 in vitro. Further analysis revealed that CD106+ MSCs from both AA patients and healthy controls had increased potential for in vitro capillary tube-like formation and in vivo vasculogenesis compared with CD106- MSCs, and the results were similar when healthy MSCs were compared with AA MSCs. CD106+ MSCs from both AA patients and healthy controls more strongly supported in vitro growth and in vivo engraftment of CD34+ cells in NOD/SCID mice than CD106- MSCs, and similar results were obtained when healthy MSCs and AA MSCs were compared. The expression of NF-?B was decreased in AA MSCs, and NF-?B regulated the CD106 gene (VCAM1) which supported hematopoiesis.These results revealed the effect of CD106 and NF-?B in BM failure of AA.
Project description:Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is characterized by lower extremity artery obstruction and a largely unexplained impaired ischemic neovascularization response. Bone marrow (BM) derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) contribute to neovascularization. We hypothesize that reduced levels and function of circulating progenitor cells and alterations in the BM contribute to impaired neovascularization in CLI.Levels of primitive (CD34(+) and CD133(+)) progenitors and CD34(+)KDR(+) EPC were analyzed using flow cytometry in blood and BM from 101 CLI patients in the JUVENTAS-trial (NCT00371371) and healthy controls. Blood levels of markers for endothelial injury (sE-selectin, sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, and thrombomodulin), and progenitor cell mobilizing and inflammatory factors were assessed by conventional and multiplex ELISA. BM levels and activity of the EPC mobilizing protease MMP-9 were assessed by ELISA and zymography. Circulating angiogenic cells (CAC) were cultured and their paracrine function was assessed.Endothelial injury markers were higher in CLI (P<0.01). CLI patients had higher levels of VEGF, SDF-1?, SCF, G-CSF (P<0.05) and of IL-6, IL-8 and IP-10 (P<0.05). Circulating EPC and BM CD34(+) cells (P<0.05), lymphocytic expression of CXCR4 and CD26 in BM (P<0.05), and BM levels and activity of MMP-9 (P<0.01) were lower in CLI. Multivariate regression analysis showed an inverse association between IL-6 and BM CD34(+) cell levels (P?=?0.007). CAC from CLI patients had reduced paracrine function (P<0.0001).CLI patients have reduced levels of circulating EPC, despite profound endothelial injury and an EPC mobilizing response. Moreover, CLI patients have lower BM CD34(+)-cell levels, which were inversely associated with the inflammatory marker IL-6, and lower BM MMP-9 levels and activity. The results of this study suggest that inflammation-induced BM exhaustion and a disturbed progenitor cell mobilization response due to reduced levels and activity of MMP-9 in the BM and alterations in the SDF-1?/CXCR4 interaction contribute to the attenuated neovascularization in CLI patients.
Project description:Although the chemotactic cytokine CXCL3 is thought to play an important role in tumor initiation and invasion, little is known about its function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In our previous study, we found that Ikaros inhibited CD133 expression via the MAPK pathway in HCC. Here, we showed that Ikaros may indirectly down-regulate CXCL3 expression in HCC cells, which leads to better outcomes in patients with CD133(+) cancer stem cell (CSC) populations. CD133 overexpression induced CXCL3 expression, and silencing of CD133 down-regulated CXCL3 in HCC cells. Knockdown of CXCL3 inhibited CD133(+) HCC CSCs' self-renewal and tumorigenesis. The serum CXCL3 level was higher in HCC patients' samples than that in healthy individual. HCC patients with higher CXCL3 expression displayed a poor prognosis, and a high level of CXCL3 was significantly associated with vascular invasion and tumor capsule formation. Exogenous CXCL3 induced Erk1/2 and ETS1 phosphorylation and promoted CD133 expression, indicating a positive feedback loop between CXCL3 and CD133 gene expression in HCC cells via Erk1/2 activation. Together, our findings indicated that CXCL3 might be a potent therapeutic target for HCC.