The ERCC1 N118N polymorphism does not change cellular ERCC1 protein expression or platinum sensitivity.
ABSTRACT: Genetic polymorphisms in ERCC1 are thought to contribute to altered sensitivity to platinum-based chemotherapy. Although ERCC1 N118N (500 C>T, rs11615) is the most studied polymorphism, the impact of this polymorphism on platinum-based chemotherapy remains unclear. This is the first study in which the functional impact of ERCC1 N118N on gene expression and platinum sensitivity was explored. The aim of this study is to investigate if the reduced codon usage frequency of AAT, which contains the variant allele of the silent mutation, has functional impact on ERCC1 in a well-controlled biological system. Specifically, the ERCC1 cDNA clone with either the C or T allele was introduced into an ERCC1 deficient cell line, UV20, and assayed for the effect of the two alleles on ERCC1 transcription, translation and platinum sensitivity. Both ERCC1 mRNA and protein expression levels increased upon cisplatin treatment, peaking at 4h post-treatment, however there were no differences between the two alleles (p>0.05). Cells complemented with ERCC1 showed significantly higher survival proportion than the parental cell line following platinum exposure (p<0.0001), although no differences were observed between the cells transfected with the wild type or the polymorphic allele. These data suggest that N118N itself is not related to the phenotypic differences in ERCC1 expression or function, but rather this polymorphism may be linked to other causative variants or haplotypes.
Project description:Background:ERCC1, a component of nucleotide excision repair pathway, is known to repair DNA breaks induced by platinum drugs. We sought to ascertain if ERCC1 expression dynamics and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs11615 are biomarkers of sensitivity to oxaliplatin therapy in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods:Western blot and qPCR for ERCC1 expression was performed from PBMCs isolated from patients receiving oxaliplatin-based therapy at specified timepoints. DNA was also isolated from 59 biorepository specimens for SNP analysis. Clinical benefit was determined using progression free survival (PFS) for metastatic CRC. Results:ERCC1 was induced in PBMC in response to oxaliplatin in 13/25 patients with mCRC (52%). Median PFS with ERCC1 induction was 190d compared to 237d in non-induced patients (HR 2.35, CI 1.005-5.479; p=0.0182). ERCC1 rs11615 SNP analysis revealed that 43.3% harbored C/C, 41.2%-T/C and 15.5%-T/T genotype. Median PFS was significantly lower with C/C or T/C (211 and 196d) compared to T/T (590d; p=0.0310). Conclusions:ERCC1 was induced in a sub-population of patients undergoing oxaliplatin treatment, which was associated with poorer outcome, suggesting this could serve as a marker of oxaliplatin response. C/C or C/T genotype in ERCC1 rs11615 locus decreased benefit from oxaliplatin.
Project description:PURPOSE:The relationship between the excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1) rs11615 polymorphism (C/T) and responses to oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for gastric cancer (GC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) patients is controversial. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to assess this relationship. METHOD:Relevant studies were retrieved by searching the PubMed database. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive value of the ERCC1 rs11615 polymorphism for the clinical outcomes of GC and CRC patients receiving oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. Therapeutic response to chemotherapy, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. RESULTS:A total of 22 studies were included in this meta-analysis, including 1,242 cases of GC and 1,772 cases of CRC. For the ERCC1 rs11615 polymorphism, the T allele was associated with a reduced response to chemotherapy in Asians and GC patients (P<0.05). On the other hand, the T allele was associated with a significant increase in the risk for shorter PFS and OS in all patients (PFS: hazard ratio [HR] =1.22, P<0.001, 95% confidence interval [CI] =0.93-1.51 and OS: HR =1.12, P<0.001, 95% CI =0.85-1.40). CONCLUSION:The ERCC1 rs11615 polymorphism was closely associated with the clinical outcomes of GC and CRC patients treated with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy.
Project description:Our study aimed to investigate the correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms of ERCC1/XRCC1/XPA genes and postoperative chemotherapy efficacy and prognosis of endometrial carcinoma. Our study included 108 patients with endometrial carcinoma and 100 healthy participants. ERCC1 rs11615/XRCC1 rs25487/XPA rs1800975 gene polymorphisms were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Then the chemotherapy efficacy and toxic effects of the patients were assessed. The genotype and allele frequency of ERCC1 rs11615/XRCC1 rs25487 in the case group were significantly different from that in the control group (all P<0.05). The patients with AA + GA in ERCC1 rs11615 had an increased risk of endometrial carcinoma than those with GG, and the risk of endometrial carcinoma for patients with AA + GA was also higher in comparison with patients with GG genotype in XRCC1 rs25487 (all P<0.05). GG on both ERCC1 rs11615/XRCC1 rs25487 had a higher effective rate of chemotherapy than GA + AA (all P<0.05). ERCC1 rs11615/XRCC1 rs25487 gene polymorphisms were linked with toxic effects in liver, kidney, and nervous system. ERCC1 rs11615/XRCC1 rs25487, muscular invasion, and tumor stage were independent risk factors for the prognosis of endometrial carcinoma (all P<0.05). However, no significant associations were observed between XPA rs1800975 polymorphism and chemotherapy efficacy and prognosis of endometrial carcinoma (all P>0.05). These results indicated that ERCC1 and XRCC1 but not XPA polymorphisms correlate with response to chemotherapy in endometrial carcinoma.
Project description:We conducted a prospective study to analyze whether ERCC1 rs11615 and rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs13181 and rs1799793 gene polymorphisms could serve as potential biomarkers for the prognosis of gastric cancer. A total of 228 patients with pathologically proven gastric cancer and receiving platinum-based chemotherapy were recruited from our hospital between October 2009 and October 2011. The ERCC1 rs11615 and rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs13181 and rs1799793 polymorphisms were genotyped using the polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay. Conditional logistic regression analysis revealed that patients carrying the CA and AA genotypes of ERCC1 rs3212986 polymorphism showed a poorer response to chemotherapy compared to the CC genotype (CA vs. CC: OR = 0.28, 95% CI = 0.06-0.98, P = 0.04; AA vs. CC: OR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.06-0.98, P = 0.01). Moreover, the CA+AA genotype of ERCC1 rs3212986 polymorphism showed a significantly poorer response to chemotherapy (CA+AA vs. CC: OR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.27-0.90). Patients with the AA genotype of ERCC1 rs3212986 polymorphism had a longer overall survival time when compared with the CC genotype (34.91 months vs. 51.19 months, log-rank P = 0.003). The AA genotype of ERCC1 rs3212986 polymorphism in gastric cancer patients was correlated with a higher risk of death from varying causes by the Cox proportional hazards model, compared to the CC genotype (HR = 6.19, 95% CI = 1.42-30.60). In conclusion, the ERCC1 rs3212986 polymorphism was found to influence the response to chemotherapy and overall survival of gastric cancer patients.
Project description:Although it does not alter the ERCC1 phenotype, the ERCC1 500C>T (rs11615) polymorphism has undergone a myriad of investigations into its role as a marker for nucleotide excision repair (NER) function in different races, diseases and treatment outcomes. The goal of our study was to test the hypothesis that 500C>T is in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with causative alleles, and that these haplotypes are more frequent in Caucasians with melanoma than in healthy Caucasians or African Americans.In this case-control study, we selected race-specific ERCC1 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs), conducted LD analysis with ERCC1 500C>T and compared the frequency of ERCC1 diplotypes in Caucasians with melanoma (n=165), healthy Caucasians (n=150) and healthy African Americans (n=159). The haplotype was further studied using a fusion gene containing multiple ERCC1 SNPs.Large cancer institute in the USA.A total of 165 Caucasian melanoma patients, 159 healthy Caucasian controls and 159 African American healthy controls. Men and women were enrolled in the clinical trial; however, since the screening trial included prostate cancer screening in addition to screening for other cancers, only male controls were available.The outcome measures were melanoma risk in Caucasians, and LD between ERCC1 SNP, N118N and other race-specific allelic variants.When compared to ERCC1 500C>T alone, a race-specific three-SNP variant haplotype in ERCC1 (comprised of rs11615, rs3212950 and rs3212948) was even more frequent in Caucasians with melanoma than in healthy Caucasians (p=0.0034) or African Americans (p<0.0001). A plasmid containing the variant haplotype was not differentially expressed.We demonstrate that ERCC1 500C>T participates in a previously characterised cancer-risk haplotype found more frequently in Caucasians, while LD is weak in African Americans; this haplotype appears to also be related to melanoma. It is therefore likely that ERCC1 500C>T is only a valid NER, disease or treatment outcome marker in Caucasians.
Project description:There existed controversies about the association between the response to chemotherapy for osteosarcoma (OS) patients and the genetic polymorphisms in excision repair cross-complementation group (ERCC1 and ERCC2) genes. We aimed to perform a meta-analysis to comprehensively evaluate the association.We searched multiple databases for literature retrieval including the PubMED (1966???2017), Embase (1980???2017), and the Web of science (1945???2017). The overall odds ratios(OR) and their corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated for the three polymorphisms under the dominant, recessive, and allelic models.From six eligible articles in our study, we found that for ERCC1 rs11615 polymorphism, a significant association was detected between the chemotherapy response and the polymorphism under all three models (dominant model: OR?=?2.015, P?=?0.005; recessive model: OR?=?1.791, P?=?0.003; allelic model: OR?=?1.677, P?=?0.003), and OS patients carrying C allele in rs11615 polymorphism were more likely to response to chemotherapy. In terms of ERCC2 rs1799793 polymorphism, this polymorphism was significantly associated with the response to chemotherapy for OS patients under recessive model (OR?=?1.337, P?=?0.036), and patients with AG?+?AA genotype in rs1799793 polymorphism were more appropriate to receive chemotherapy. With respect to ERCC2 rs13181 polymorphism, this polymorphism was not correlated with the response to chemotherapy for OS patients under all three models.Our meta-analysis suggested that among Chinese population, the rs11615 and rs1799793 polymorphisms were significantly correlated with the response to chemotherapy for patients with OS, and patients with CC or TC?+?CC genotypes in ERCC1 rs11615 polymorphism or AG?+?AA genotype in ERCC2 rs1799793 polymorphism were more suitable for chemotherapy.
Project description:Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1), a DNA repair protein, is vital for maintaining genomic fidelity and integrity. Despite the fact that a mounting body of case-control studies has concentrated on investigating the association of the ERCC1 rs11615 polymorphism and breast cancer risk, there is still no consensus on it. We conducted the current meta-analysis of all eligible articles to reach a much more explicit conclusion on this ambiguous association. A total of seven studies involving 2354 breast cancer cases and 2193 controls were elaborately selected for this analysis from the Embase, EBSCO, PubMed, WanFang, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated in our meta-analysis. We found that the ERCC1 rs11615 polymorphism was significantly associated with breast cancer risk under all genetic models. When excluded, the studies that deviated from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE), the pooled results of what remained significantly increase the risk of breast cancer under the allele model (OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.02-1.27, P=0.02), heterozygote model (OR = 1.24, 95% CI = 1.06-1.44, P=0.007), and dominant model (OR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.05-1.41, P=0.01). This increased breast cancer risk was found in Asian population as well as under the heterozygote model (OR = 1.24, 95% CI = 1.05-1.48, P=0.013) and dominant model (OR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.02-1.42, P=0.03). Our results suggest that the ERCC1 rs11615 polymorphism is associated with breast cancer susceptibility, and in particular, this increased risk of breast cancer existence in Asian population.
Project description:We conducted a prospective study to analyze whether six SNPs in ERCC1 gene could serve as potential biomarkers for prognosis of gastric cancer. Between January 2010 and December 2012, 270 patients with pathologically proven gastric cancer and receiving platinum-based chemotherapy were recruited in our study. Genotyping of the ERCC1 rs11615, rs2298881, rs3212955, rs3212961, rs3212986 and rs735482 were carried out using the Sequenom MassARRAY platform. By logistic regression analysis, patients carrying the GT and TT genotypes of rs3212986 showed a significantly poorer response to chemotherapy than did those carrying the GG genotype, and the ORs (95% CI) were 0.47 (0.25-0.88) and 0.18 (0.08-0.41), respectively. By Cox proportional hazards models, the GT and TT genotypes of rs3212986 were correlated with increased risk of death when compared with the GG genotype, and the adjusted HRs (95% CIs) were 1.79 (1.01-3.16) and 2.57 (1.18-5.62), respectively. However, we did not find significant association between ERCC1 rs11615, rs2298881, rs3212955, rs3212961 and rs735482 and response to chemotherapy and overall survival in patients with gastric cancer. In conclusion, the results of the present retrospective study indicate that there is a significant difference in biological behavior between ERCC1 rs3212986 gene polymorphism and treatment outcome of gastric cancer.
Project description:We conducted a perspective study to assess the association between ERCC1 and XPF polymorphisms and response to chemotherapy and clinical outcome of NSCLC receiving chemotherapy. Between May 2009 and May 2011, a prospective study was conducted on 240 NSCLC cases. Genotypes of ERCC1 (rs11615, rs3212986 and rs2298881) and XPF (rs2276465 and rs6498486) were performed by Polymerase Chain Reaction Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay. By conditional logistic regression analysis, patients carrying AA genotype of ERCC1 rs11615 showed more CR+PR to chemotherapy when compared with GG genotype, and the adjusted OR (95% CI) was 2.73 (1.21-6.18). By Cox regression analysis, AA genotype of ERCC1 rs11615 was associated with longer overall survival of NSCLC, and the adjusted HR (95% CI) was 0.38 (0.14-0.96). In conclusion, our study found that ERCC1 rs11615 polymorphism can influence the chemotherapy response and overall survival of NSCLC patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy.
Project description:Ovarian cancer is a prominent public health problem which affects people all around the world. Platinum-based chemotherapy is a common treatment for ovarian cancer, however, the effectiveness of chemotherapy varies from patient to patient. The excision repair cross complementation group 1 (ERCC1) protein may mediate chemotherapy resistance. A meta-analysis was conducted to explore whether platinum-based chemotherapy effectiveness could be attributed to the ERCC1 C19007T polymorphisms.Seven major databases (EMBASE, Web of Science, Pubmed, Springer Link, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), EBSCO and Science Direct databases) were searched for eligible studies. Crude odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the results.In this meta-analysis, 1169 subjects (425 non-responders and 744 responders) from 8 studies were included. The overall OR (C vs. T alleles) using random model was 1.07 (95% CI 0.75-1.52, P = 0.7), which was not statistically significant. Moreover, there was no significant difference in the analysis by race.There is no association between the ERCC1 C19007T polymorphism and platinum-based chemotherapy effectiveness in ovarian cancer. The polymorphism did not have a significant impact on platinum-based chemotherapy in non-responders and responders.