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BAG3 directly interacts with mutated alphaB-crystallin to suppress its aggregation and toxicity.

ABSTRACT: A homozygous disruption or genetic mutation of the bag3 gene causes progressive myofibrillar myopathy in mouse and human skeletal and cardiac muscle disorder while mutations in the small heat shock protein ?B-crystallin gene (CRYAB) are reported to be responsible for myofibrillar myopathy. Here, we demonstrate that BAG3 directly binds to wild-type ?B-crystallin and the ?B-crystallin mutant R120G, via the intermediate domain of BAG3. Peptides that inhibit this interaction in an in vitro binding assay indicate that two conserved Ile-Pro-Val regions of BAG3 are involved in the interaction with ?B-crystallin, which is similar to results showing BAG3 binding to HspB8 and HspB6. BAG3 overexpression increased ?B-crystallin R120G solubility and inhibited its intracellular aggregation in HEK293 cells. BAG3 suppressed cell death induced by ?B-crystallin R120G overexpression in differentiating C2C12 mouse myoblast cells. Our findings indicate a novel function for BAG3 in inhibiting protein aggregation caused by the genetic mutation of CRYAB responsible for human myofibrillar myopathy.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3057972 | BioStudies | 2011-01-01T00:00:00Z


REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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