Dataset Information


Genetic characterization of porcine circovirus type 2 in piglets from PMWS-affected and -negative farms in Thailand.

ABSTRACT: Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the major swine pathogen associated with Porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD) including post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). Currently, there are 4 subtypes of PCV2 (PCV2a, b, c and d) and some epidemiological evidences demonstrated that virulence of PCV2 may relate to its subtypes. Recently, PMWS was observed more frequently in swine farms in Thailand; however, the information regarding to PCV2 subtype involved was limited. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the association between occurrence of PMWS and PCV2 subtypes as well as genetically characterize PCV2 in Thailand. PCV2 DNA was isolated from faecal swabs and whole blood of piglets from PMWS-affected and -negative farms. The full length ORF2 sequences were compared using multiple alignment. The results showed that PCV2 DNA was detected more frequently in PMWS-affected farms. The nucleotide identities of the ORF2 from 9 PCV2 isolates representing each PMWS-affected farm and one from the negative farm ranged from 92.4 to 99.5% suggesting that there is some genetic variation of PCV2 in Thai swine. The 10 PCV2 isolates were classified into 2 clusters, in which the 7 isolates from PMWS-positive farms were in PCV2b cluster 1 A/B. The remaining isolates were separated in the new subtype called PCV2e. The results suggest the presence of new PCV2 subtypes in addition to PCV2a and PCV2b in Asian swine population. However, correlation between subtypes and virulence of PCV2 infection is not conclusive due to limited number of the PCV2 sequences from PMWS negative farms.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3058092 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

| S-EPMC5628495 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3135556 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC8718606 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC2967541 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC7350290 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3400667 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3573989 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC8705920 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC5877446 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6658515 | BioStudies