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Sonochemistry and sonoluminescence in microfluidics.


ABSTRACT: One way to focus the diffuse energy of a sound field in a liquid is by acoustically driving bubbles into nonlinear oscillation. A rapid and nearly adiabatic bubble collapse heats up the bubble interior and produces intense concentration of energy that is able to emit light (sonoluminescence) and to trigger chemical reactions (sonochemistry). Such phenomena have been extensively studied in bulk liquid. We present here a realization of sonoluminescence and sonochemistry created from bubbles confined within a narrow channel of polydimethylsiloxane-based microfluidic devices. In the microfluidics channels, the bubbles form a planar/pancake shape. During bubble collapse we find the formation of OH radicals and the emission of light. The chemical reactions are closely confined to gas-liquid interfaces that allow for spatial control of sonochemical reactions in lab-on-a-chip devices. The decay time of the light emitted from the sonochemical reaction is several orders faster than that in the bulk liquid. Multibubble sonoluminescence emission in contrast vanishes immediately as the sound field is stopped.

SUBMITTER: Tandiono  

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3076866 | BioStudies | 2011-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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