Highly stereoselective Bronsted acid catalyzed synthesis of spirooxindole pyrans.
ABSTRACT: A Brønsted acid-catalyzed Prins-type cyclization sequence to construct spirooxindole pyrans in high yields and excellent diastereoselectivity has been developed. The combination of a ?-hydroxy dioxinone fragment and isatin dimethyl acetal generate oxa-spirooxindoles efficiently. These compounds are diversifiable scaffolds that tap into the rich chemistry of dioxinones.
Project description:Our synthetic approach for the assembly of structurally complex spirooxindole heterocyclic hybrids was based on an ionic liquid, [bmim]Br mediated one-pot three-component cascade reaction strategy involving 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of N-1-(2-pyridinylmethyl)-3,5-bis[(E)-arylmethylidene]tetrahydro-4(1H)-pyridinones and azomethine ylide generated in situ from isatin and L-phenyl alanine, affording a series of spirooxindole-pyrrolidine heterocyclic hybrids in good-to-excellent yields. In addition to serving as the reaction medium, [bmim]Br also functioned as a catalyst in this cycloaddition reaction and hence accelerated the reaction rate affording the cycloadducts in short reaction time.
Project description:A highly stereoselective, one-pot, multicomponent method has been developed to synthesize pyrrolizidine- and N-methyl pyrrolidine-substituted spirooxindole derivatives. The [3 + 2] cycloaddition reaction involves the reaction between the dipole azomethine ylides, generated in situ from the reaction between isatin and secondary amino acids such as L-proline or sarcosine, and ?,?-unsaturated carbonyl compounds as the dipolarophile. The reaction condition was optimized to achieve excellent regio- and stereoselectivity. Products were obtained in good yield using ethanol as a solvent at the reflux temperature. The newly synthesized spirooxindole derivatives were evaluated for their antiproliferative efficacy against National Cancer Institute (NCI)-60 cancer cell lines and DNA G-quadruplex (G4) interaction capacity. Compound 14b produced selective cytotoxicity against leukemia, renal, colon, and prostate cancer cell lines at a 10 ?M concentration. The G4 interaction studies further suggested that these spirooxindole derivatives were devoid of any activity as DNA G4 ligands.
Project description:Simultaneous inhibition of MDM2 and CDK4 may be an effective treatment against glioblastoma. A collection of chiral spirocyclic tetrahydronaphthalene (THN)-oxindole hybrids for this purpose have been developed. Appropriate stereochemistry in THN-fused spirooxindole compounds is key to their inhibitory activity: selectivity differed by over 40-fold between the least and most potent stereoisomers in time-resolved FRET and KINOMEscan® in vitro assays. Studies in glioblastoma cell lines showed that the most active compound ent- 4g induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest by interfering with MDM2 -P53 interaction and CDK4 activation. Cells treated with ent- 4g showed up-regulation of proteins involved in P53 and cell cycle pathways. The compound showed good anti-tumor efficacy against glioblastoma xenografts in mice. These results suggested that rational design, asymmetric synthesis and biological evaluation of novel tetrahydronaphthalene fused spirooxindoles could generate promising MDM2-CDK4 dual inhibitors in glioblastoma therapy.
Project description:A sequential multi-component reaction of the nitroketene dithioacetals, cysteamine hydrochloride, isatin and different CH-acids is described. This efficient method provides new functionalized thiazolo pyridine-fused spirooxindoles and thiazolo pyridopyrimidine-fused spirooxindoles in good yields. In the case of using isatin derivatives (5-bromoisatin and 5-chloroisatin), the reaction was carried out by using nano-SiO2 (20 mol%) as an effective heterogeneous Lewis acid promoter. This type of reaction provides a range of skeletally different polycyclic spiro thiazole-based heterocyclic structures and represents attractive advantages including straightforward one-pot operation under the catalyst-free condition and simple workup procedures without using tedious purification procedure.
Project description:Spirooxindoles are a class of compounds with diverse biological activity. Previously, we identified a series of spirooxindole-pyranopyrimidine compounds that exhibited broad-spectrum anti-cancer activity. In this study, we evaluated one of these compounds, JP-8g, on mouse models and found that it showed potent in vivo anti-inflammatory activity. Further investigation suggested that JP-8g may execute its anti-inflammatory activity through nitric oxide synthase signaling pathways. Our results suggest that these spirooxindole-pyranopyrimidine class compounds have potential for not only cancer treatment but also inflammation therapy.
Project description:The Prins reaction was investigated using BF?.OEt? as a Lewis acid. It has been recently demonstrated, that if BF?.OEt? is used in stoichiometric amounts then these reactions generate fluorinated products where the BF?.OEt? contributes fluoride ion to quench the intermediate carbocations. In this study oxa- and aza-Prins reactions for the synthesis of 4-fluoro-pyrans and -piperidines were investigated. The products were obtained in good yields, but only with moderate diastereoselectivity. These Prins fluorination reactions can be accelerated under microwave conditions. The study extends the Prins fluorination methodology for the generation of the C-F bond in heterocycles.
Project description:A multicomponent reaction between isatin, tetrahydroisoquinoline, and terminal alkyne in the presence of benzoic acid for the synthesis of N-(substituted-2-(2-phenyl-5,6-dihydropyrrolo[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)phenyl)-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline-2(1H)-carboxamides is described. This three-component reaction proceeds via sequential formation of spirooxindole, generation of isocyanate functionality via cleavage of the C2–C3 bond in the isatin subunit of spirooxindole, and addition of the second molecule of tetrahydroisoquinoline to the isocyanate group to offer title compounds. Expansion of the protocol to four-component by including an additional primary amine affords 1-substituted-3-(2-(2-phenyl-5,6-dihydropyrrolo[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)phenyl)urea in low to moderate yields. However, the reaction of intermediate spirooxindole with tetrahydroisoquinoline or any primary or secondary amine produced the title compound in excellent yields.
Project description:A thermal [2 + 2] cycloaddition reaction of allene-ynes has been used to transform chiral non-racemic allenyl oxindoles into chiral non-racemic spirooxindoles containing an alkylidene cyclobutene moiety. The enantiomeric excesses were determined by chiral lanthanide shift NMR analysis and the transfer of chiral information from the allene to the spirooxindole was found to be greater than 95%.
Project description:The Lewis acid-catalyzed, three-component reaction of isatin and two 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds is reported. Reactions proceed with high efficiency under mild reaction conditions and with good functional group tolerance to afford spirooxindole pyranochromenedione derivatives.
Project description:Spirooxindole amides can be prepared by the intramolecular addition of functionalized indoles into acylimines that are accessed from nitriles by hydrozirconation and acylation. The stereochemical outcome at the quaternary center was controlled by the steric bulk of the substituent at the 2-position of the indole unit. The products are well-suited for diversification to prepare libraries.