Nardosinane-type sesquiterpenoids from the formosan soft coral Paralemnalia thyrsoides.
ABSTRACT: Five new nardosinane-type sesquiterpenoids, paralemnolins Q-U (1-5), along with three known compounds (6-8), were isolated from the Formosan soft coral Paralemnalia thyrsoides. The structures of new metabolites were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods, and the absolute configuration of 1 was determined by the application of Mosher's method on 1. Among these metabolites, 1 and 3 are rarely found nardosinane-type sesquiterpenoids, possessing novel polycyclic structures. Compounds 1, 3, 6 and 7 were found to possess neuroprotective activity.
Project description:Four new nardosinane-type sesquiterpenoids, parathyrsoidins A-D (1-4) were isolated from the soft coral Paralemnalia thyrsoides. The structures of parathyrsoidins A-D (1-4) were determined by extensive spectral analysis and their cytotoxicity against selected cancer cell lines as well as antiviral activity against human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) were evaluated in vitro.
Project description:A novel cytotoxic diterpenoid, chabrolin A (1) (possessing an unprecedented terpenoid skeleton), as well as three new cytotoxic sesquiterpenoids, parathyrsoidins E-G (2-4), were isolated by cytotoxicity-guided fractionation from soft corals Nephtheachabroli and Paralemnalia thyrsoides. The structures of the new compounds were determined by extensive analysis of spectroscopic data.
Project description:Secondary metabolites obtained from marine-derived fungi are rich sources of drug candidates. Three new sesquiterpenoids, chermesiterpenoids A-C (1-3), along with four known alkaloids (4-7), were isolated and identified from the marine red algal-derived fungus Penicillium chermesinum EN-480. The structures of these new sesquiterpenoids were elucidated using detailed analysis of the NMR data and their relative configurations were elucidated using nuclear overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY) spectra as well as gauge-independent atomic orbital (GIAO) NMR shift calculations and DP4+ probability analysis. Their absolute configurations were determined using electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations and modified Mosher's method. Compounds 2 and 3 exhibited potent activities against human and aquatic pathogenic bacteria and plant pathogenic fungi.
Project description:Studies of the coprophilous fungus Hypocopra rostrata (TTI-0009, NRRL 66178) isolated from a sample of horse dung collected in Texas led to the isolation of three new sesquiterpenoids that we named hypocoprins A-C (1-3), together with the known fungal metabolite helvolic acid. The new metabolites have a distinctive ring system consisting of fused cyclopropane and cyclodecene units not previously reported from a fungal source. Compounds 1 and 3 moderately inhibited growth of Staphylococcus aureus. The structures of these metabolites were assigned mainly by analysis of 2D NMR and HRESITOFMS data. Relative and absolute configurations were assigned by interpretation of NMR J-values and NOESY data and by application of Mosher's method. These results represent the first report of chemistry from any strain of the genus Hypocopra.
Project description:Fourteen new eremophilane-type sesquiterpenoids, named rhizoperemophilanes A~N (1~14), together with eight known congeners, were isolated from the culture of the endophytic fungus Rhizopycnis vagum. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses, as well as ECD calculations and the modified Mosher's method for the assignment of the absolute configurations. Rhizoperemophilane J (10) contains an uncommon C-4/C-11 epoxy ring, while rhizoperemophilane N (14) features an unprecedented 3-nor-eremophilane lactone-lactam skeleton. These metabolites were evaluated for their antibacterial, cytotoxic, and phytotoxic activities. Among them, compounds 11, 16, and 20 displayed antibacterial activities, while 14 showed selective cytotoxicity against NCI-H1650 and BGC823 tumor cells. Moreover, compounds 5, 6, 12, 13, 16, and 19 exhibited strong phytotoxic activities against the radicle elongation of rice seedlings.
Project description:Four new eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoids, penicieudesmol A-D (1-4), were isolated from the fermentation broth of the mangrove-derived endophytic fungus Penicillium sp. J-54. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods, the in situ dimolybdenum CD method, and modified Mosher's method. The bioassays results showed that 2 exhibited weak cytotoxicity against K-562 cells.
Project description:Chemical examination of a Taiwanese soft coral Lemnalia philippinensis led to the isolation of three oxygenated ylangene-derived sesquiterpenoids 1-3, including two new metabolites, philippinlins A and B (1 and 2). The structures of these compounds were elucidated on the basis of detailed spectroscopic data. Compound 1 was shown to exhibit cytotoxicity against HepG2, MDA-MB231 and A549 cancer cell lines.
Project description:Brasilamides K-N (1-4), four new bergamotane sesquiterpenoids; with 4-oxatricyclo (18.104.22.168 (2,7))nonane (1)and 9-oxatricyclo(22.214.171.124 (4,7))nonane (2-4) skeletons; were isolated from the scale-up fermentation cultures of the plant endophytic fungus Paraconiothynium brasiliense Verkley. The previously identified sesquiterpenoids brasilamides A and C (5 and 6) were also reisolated in the current work. The structures of 1-4 were elucidated primarily by interpretation of NMR spectroscopic data. The absolute configurations of 1-3 were deduced by analogy to the co-isolated metabolites 5 and 6; whereas that of C-12 in 4 was assigned using the modified Mosher method. The cytotoxicity of all compounds against a panel of eight human tumor cell lines were assayed.
Project description:Two new nitrogen-containing verticillene diterpenoids, cespilamides A and B (1 and 2), three new nitrogen-containing sesquiterpenoids, cespilamides C-E (3-5), and five new norverticillene and verticillene diterpenoids, cespitaenins A-E (6-10), were isolated from the Taiwanese soft coral Cespitularia taeniata. Compound 1 possesses an unusual oxazo ring system at C-10 while compound 2 displays an unprecedented C-C bond cleavage between C-10 and C-11 with an N-ethylphenyl group at C-10. Biogenetic pathways of 1 and 2 are proposed. The absolute configuration of 1 was confirmed by Mosher's method and molecular mechanics calculations (MM2). The cytotoxicities of compounds 1-10 were evaluated against a small panel of human cancer cell lines.
Project description:Two new sesquiterpenoids belonging to the guaiane, 4?,9?,10?-trihydroxyguaia-11(13)en-12,6?-olide (1), and germacrane, 9?-hydroxyparthenolide-9-O-?-D-glucopyranoside (2), classes have been isolated from the leaves of the Saudi medicinal plant Anvillea garcinii along with seven known compounds (3-9). The structures of the new metabolites were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, including one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HR-ESIMS). The antimicrobial properties of 1-9 were screened against seven different pathogenic microbes, and compounds 1-3 showed a potent antifungal activity.