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Higher proportions of circulating FOXP3+ and CTLA-4+ regulatory T cells are associated with lower fractions of memory CD4+ T cells in infants.


ABSTRACT: In adults, a majority of FOXP3(+) T(regs) expresses CTLA-4, and this costimulatory molecule is essential to control the expansion of other T cells. However, it remains to be investigated whether FOXP3(+) and/or CTLA-4(+) T(regs) are associated with the expression of memory markers and homing receptors on CD4(+) T cells. Thus, in a prospective newborn-infant cohort study, we examined the proportions of FOXP3(+) and CTLA-4(+) T(regs) within the CD4(+)CD25(+) T cell population and the fractions of CD4(+) T cells that expressed CD45RA, CD45RO, HLA-DR, ?(4)?(7), CD62L, and CCR4 at several time-points during the first 3 years of life using flow cytometry. With the use of multivariate factor analysis, we found that a high proportion of FOXP3(+) or CTLA-4(+) T(regs) during the first 18 months of life was associated positively with the fraction of T cells that expressed a naïve phenotype (CD45RA and ?(4)?(7)) and inversely related to the fraction of T cells that expressed a memory phenotype (CD45RO and CCR4) later in childhood. In conclusion, FOXP3(+) or CTLA-4(+) T(regs) may modulate CD4(+) T cell activation and homing receptor expression in children.

SUBMITTER: Rabe H 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3236549 | BioStudies | 2011-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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