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MiR-365: a mechanosensitive microRNA stimulates chondrocyte differentiation through targeting histone deacetylase 4.

ABSTRACT: Mechanical stress plays an essential role in tissue development and remodeling. In this study, we determined the role of microRNA in chondrocyte mechanotransduction. Using microarray, we identified miR-365 as a mechanoresponsive microRNA in parallel to mechanical induction of Indian hedgehog (Ihh) in primary chicken chondrocytes cultured in 3-dimensional collagen scaffoldings under cyclic loading (1 Hz, 5% elongation). Interestingly, expression of miR-365 is elevated in the prehypertrophic zone of the growth plate, coinciding with the Ihh expression region in vivo. MiR-365 significantly stimulates chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. MiR-365 increases expression of Ihh and the hypertrophic marker type X collagen, whereas anti-miR-365 inhibits the expression of these genes. We identified histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4), an inhibitor of chondrocyte hypertrophy, as a target of miR-365. MiR-365 inhibits both endogenous HDAC4 protein levels as well as the activity of a reporter gene bearing the 3'-untranslated region of HDAC4 mRNA. Conversely, inhibition of endogenous miR-365 relieves the repression of HDAC4. Mutation of the miR-365 binding site in HDAC4 mRNA abolishes miR-365-mediated repression of the reporter gene activity. Overexpression of HDAC4 reverses miR-365 stimulation of chondrocyte differentiation markers including Ihh, Col X, and Runx2. Moreover, inhibition of miR-365 abolishes mechanical stimulation of chondrocyte differentiation. Taken together, miR-365 is the first identified mechanically responsive microRNA that regulates chondrocyte differentiation via directly targeting HDAC4.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3236620 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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