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Loss-of-Function Screen Reveals Novel Regulators Required for Drosophila Germline Stem Cell Self-Renewal.

ABSTRACT: The germline stem cells (GSCs) of Drosophila melanogaster ovary provide an excellent model system to study the molecular mechanisms of stem cell self-renewal. To reveal novel factors required for Drosophila female GSC maintenance and/or division, we performed a loss-of-function screen in GSCs by using a collection of P-element-induced alleles of essential genes. Mutations in genes of various functional groups were identified to cause defects in GSC self-renewal. Here we report that a group of mutations affecting various ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes cause significant GSCs loss, including Plenty of SH3s (POSH), Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme 10 (UbcD10), and pineapple eye (pie). Ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation plays a variety of roles in the regulation of many developmental processes, including mediating stem cell division through degradation of cell cycle regulators. We demonstrated that pie, sharing highly conserved RING domains with human E3 ubiquitin ligase G2E3 that are critical for early embryonic development, is specifically required for GSC maintenance, possibly through regulation of bone morphogenetic protein signaling pathway. Despite the previously reported role in imaginal disc cell survival, pie loss-of-function induced GSC loss is not to the result of caspase-involved cell death. Further efforts are needed to elucidate the functions of ubiquitin ligases in GSC maintenance, which will ultimately contribute to a better understanding of how the ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes regulate stem cell biology in mammalian systems.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3291504 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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