Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Calcium influx-mediated signaling is required for complete mouse egg activation.


ABSTRACT: Mammalian fertilization is accompanied by oscillations in egg cytoplasmic calcium (Ca(2+)) concentrations that are critical for completion of egg activation. These oscillations are initiated by Ca(2+) release from inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3))-sensitive intracellular stores. We tested the hypothesis that Ca(2+) influx across the plasma membrane was a requisite component of egg activation signaling, and not simply a Ca(2+) source for store repletion. Using intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and standard in vitro fertilization (IVF), we found that Ca(2+) influx was not required to initiate resumption of meiosis II. However, even if multiple oscillations in intracellular Ca(2+) occurred, in the absence of Ca(2+) influx, the fertilized eggs failed to emit the second polar body, resulting in formation of three pronuclei. Additional experiments using the Ca(2+) chelator, BAPTA/AM, demonstrated that Ca(2+) influx is sufficient to support polar body emission and pronucleus formation after only a single sperm-induced Ca(2+) transient, whereas BAPTA/AM-treated ICSI or fertilized eggs cultured in Ca(2+)-free medium remained arrested in metaphase II. Inhibition of store-operated Ca(2+) entry had no effect on ICSI-induced egg activation, so Ca(2+) influx through alternative channels must participate in egg activation signaling. Ca(2+) influx appears to be upstream of CaMKII? activity because eggs can be parthenogenetically activated with a constitutively active form of CaMKII? in the absence of extracellular Ca(2+). These results suggest that Ca(2+) influx at fertilization not only maintains Ca(2+) oscillations by replenishing Ca(2+) stores, but also activates critical signaling pathways upstream of CaMKII? that are required for second polar body emission.

SUBMITTER: Miao YL 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3306664 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2008-01-01 | S-EPMC2567839 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC2806780 | BioStudies
1998-01-01 | S-EPMC1219787 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6217414 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4586348 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4529029 | BioStudies
2000-01-01 | S-EPMC1220908 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC3195308 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4050145 | BioStudies
2012-01-01 | S-EPMC3258180 | BioStudies