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Control of gastric H,K-ATPase activity by cations, voltage and intracellular pH analyzed by voltage clamp fluorometry in Xenopus oocytes.

ABSTRACT: Whereas electrogenic partial reactions of the Na,K-ATPase have been studied in depth, much less is known about the influence of the membrane potential on the electroneutrally operating gastric H,K-ATPase. In this work, we investigated site-specifically fluorescence-labeled H,K-ATPase expressed in Xenopus oocytes by voltage clamp fluorometry to monitor the voltage-dependent distribution between E(1)P and E(2)P states and measured Rb(+) uptake under various ionic and pH conditions. The steady-state E(1)P/E(2)P distribution, as indicated by the voltage-dependent fluorescence amplitudes and the Rb(+) uptake activity were highly sensitive to small changes in intracellular pH, whereas even large extracellular pH changes affected neither the E(1)P/E(2)P distribution nor transport activity. Notably, intracellular acidification by approximately 0.5 pH units shifted V(0.5), the voltage, at which the E(1)P/E(2)P ratio is 50?50, by -100 mV. This was paralleled by an approximately two-fold acceleration of the forward rate constant of the E(1)P?E(2)P transition and a similar increase in the rate of steady-state cation transport. The temperature dependence of Rb(+) uptake yielded an activation energy of ?90 kJ/mol, suggesting that ion transport is rate-limited by a major conformational transition. The pronounced sensitivity towards intracellular pH suggests that proton uptake from the cytoplasmic side controls the level of phosphoenzyme entering the E(1)P?E(2)P conformational transition, thus limiting ion transport of the gastric H,K-ATPase. These findings highlight the significance of cellular mechanisms contributing to increased proton availability in the cytoplasm of gastric parietal cells. Furthermore, we show that extracellular Na(+) profoundly alters the voltage-dependent E(1)P/E(2)P distribution indicating that Na(+) ions can act as surrogates for protons regarding the E(2)P?E(1)P transition. The complexity of the intra- and extracellular cation effects can be rationalized by a kinetic model suggesting that cations reach the binding sites through a rather high-field intra- and a rather low-field extracellular access channel, with fractional electrical distances of ?0.5 and ?0.2, respectively.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3308979 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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