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Regulation of APC/CCdc20 activity by RASSF1A-APC/CCdc20 circuitry.


ABSTRACT: RASSF1A is a key tumor-suppressor gene that is often inactivated in a wide variety of solid tumors. Studies have illustrated that RASSF1A plays vital roles in the regulation of cell-cycle progression and functions as a guardian of mitosis. Nevertheless, the precise mechanism of RASSF1A-dependent regulation of mitosis remains largely unclear. APC/C(Cdc20) is the master switch and regulator of mitosis. The activity of APC/C(Cdc20) is tightly controlled by phosphorylation and specific inhibitors to ensure the sequential ubiquitination of downstream targets. Here, we report on the novel finding of a regulated circuitry that controls the timely expression and hence activity of APC/C(Cdc20) during mitosis. Our study showed that RASSF1A and APC/C(Cdc20) form a molecular relay that regulates the APC/C(Cdc20) activity at early mitosis. We found that RASSF1A inhibits APC/C(Cdc20) function through its D-box motifs. Paradoxically, RASSF1A was also demonstrated to be ubiquitinated by APC/C(Cdc20) in vitro and degraded at prometaphase despite of active spindle checkpoint presence. The first two unique D-boxes at the N-terminal of RASSF1A served as specific degron recognized by APC/C(Cdc20). Importantly, we found that Aurora A and Aurora B directly phosphorylate RASSF1A, a critical step by which RASSF1A switches from being an inhibitor to a substrate of APC/C(Cdc20) during the course of mitotic progression. As a result of RASSF1A degradation, APC/C(Cdc20) can then partially activate the ubiquitination of Cyclin A in the presence of spindle checkpoint. This circuitry is essential for the timely degradation of Cyclin A. To conclude, our results propose a new model for RASSF1A-APC/C(Cdc20) interaction in ensuring the sequential progression of mitosis.

SUBMITTER: Chow C 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3325600 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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