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GPIb? regulates platelet size by controlling the subcellular localization of filamin.


ABSTRACT: Interaction between the cytoplasmic domain of GPIb? with its cytoskeletal binding partner, filamin, is a major determinant of platelet size, and deficiency of either protein results in macrothrombocytopenia. To clarify the mechanism by which GPIb?-filamin interactions regulate platelet production, we manipulated the expression levels of filamin and GPIb in cultured embryonic stem cells (ESCs) that were subsequently differentiated into platelets. Knocking down filamins A and B resulted in the production of ESC-derived proplatelets with abnormally large swellings and proplatelet shafts that generated giant platelets in culture. Large platelets could also be generated by overexpressing GPIb? in ESCs, or by overexpressing in vivo a transgene encoding a chimeric protein containing the cytoplasmic domain of GPIb?. To identify the mechanism by which the GPIb:filamin ratio regulates platelet size, we manipulated filamin and GPIb? levels in HEK293T cells and examined the effects of overexpressing either protein on their ability to traffic to the cell periphery. Accumulation of either protein within the endoplasmic reticulum resulted in trapping of the other. Taken together, these data demonstrate that coordinated expression of GPIb? and filamin is required for efficient trafficking of either protein to the cell surface, and for production of normal-sized platelets.

SUBMITTER: Kanaji T 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3327465 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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