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Over-expression of uPA increases risk of liver injury in pAAV-HBV transfected mice.

ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between over-expression of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) related liver diseases in a transgenic mouse model.Albumin-tetracycline reverse transcriptional activator and tetO-uPA transgenic mice were generated respectively through pronuclear injection and crossed to produce the double transgenic in-alb-uPA mice, for which doxycycline (Dox)-inducible and liver-specific over-expression of uPA can be achieved. Hydrodynamic transfection of plasmid adeno-associated virus (AAV)-1.3 HBV was performed through the tail veins of the Dox-induced in-alb-uPA mice. Expression of uPA and HBV antigens were analyzed through double-staining immunohistochemical assay. Cytokine production was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and ?-fetoprotein (AFP) mRNA level was evaluated through real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.Plasmid AAV-1.3 HBV hydrodynamic transfection in Dox-induced transgenic mice not only resulted in severe liver injury with hepatocarcinoma-like histological changes and hepatic AFP production, but also showed an increased serum level of HBV antigens and cytokines like interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-?, compared with the control group.Over-expression of uPA plays a synergistic role in the development of liver injury, inflammation and regeneration during acute HBV infection.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3337564 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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