Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Neonatal chimerization with human glial progenitor cells can both remyelinate and rescue the otherwise lethally hypomyelinated shiverer mouse.


ABSTRACT: Congenitally hypomyelinated shiverer mice fail to generate compact myelin and die by 18-21 weeks of age. Using multifocal anterior and posterior fossa delivery of sorted fetal human glial progenitor cells into neonatal shiverer x rag2(-/-) mice, we achieved whole neuraxis myelination of the engrafted hosts, which in a significant fraction of cases rescued this otherwise lethal phenotype. The transplanted mice exhibited greatly prolonged survival with progressive resolution of their neurological deficits. Substantial myelination in multiple regions was accompanied by the acquisition of normal nodes of Ranvier and transcallosal conduction velocities, ultrastructurally normal and complete myelination of most axons, and a restoration of a substantially normal neurological phenotype. Notably, the resultant mice were cerebral chimeras, with murine gray matter but a predominantly human white matter glial composition. These data demonstrate that the neonatal transplantation of human glial progenitor cells can effectively treat disorders of congenital and perinatal hypomyelination.

SUBMITTER: Windrem MS 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3358921 | BioStudies | 2008-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6700734 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5576346 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC5046175 | BioStudies
2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3700553 | BioStudies
2012-01-01 | S-EPMC3864816 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC2290908 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6371057 | BioStudies
2011-01-01 | S-EPMC3103505 | BioStudies
2009-01-01 | S-EPMC3711249 | BioStudies
2011-01-01 | S-EPMC3365580 | BioStudies