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Role of Fig1, a component of the low-affinity calcium uptake system, in growth and sexual development of filamentous fungi.


ABSTRACT: The function of Fig1, a transmembrane protein of the low-affinity calcium uptake system (LACS) in fungi, was examined for its role in the growth and development of the plant pathogen Fusarium graminearum. The ?fig1 mutants failed to produce mature perithecia, and sexual development was halted prior to the formation of perithecium initials. The loss of Fig1 function also resulted in a reduced vegetative growth rate. Macroconidium production was reduced 70-fold in the ?fig1 mutants compared to the wild type. The function of the high-affinity calcium uptake system (HACS), comprised of the Ca(2+) channels Mid1 and Cch1, was previously characterized for F. graminearum. To better understand the roles of the LACS and the HACS, ?fig1 ?mid1, ?fig1 ?cch1, and ?fig1 ?mid1 ?cch1 double and triple mutants were generated, and the phenotypes of these mutants were more severe than those of the ?fig1 mutants. Pathogenicity on wheat was unaffected for the ?fig1 mutants, but the ?fig1 ?mid1, ?fig1 ?cch1, and ?fig1 ?mid1 ?cch1 mutants, lacking both LACS and HACS functions, had reduced pathogenicity. Additionally, ?fig1 mutants of Neurospora crassa were examined and did not affect filamentous growth or female fertility in a ?fig1 mating type A strain, but the ?fig1 mating type a strain failed to produce fertile fruiting bodies. These results are the first report of Fig1 function in filamentous ascomycetes and expand its role to include complex fruiting body and ascus development.

SUBMITTER: Cavinder B 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3416067 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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