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Platelet-derived growth factor-BB induces cystathionine ?-lyase expression in rat mesangial cells via a redox-dependent mechanism.

ABSTRACT: So far, there is only limited information about the regulation of the endogenous synthesis of hydrogen sulfide (H(2) S), an important gaseous signalling molecule. This study was done to evaluate the redox-dependent signalling events that regulate the expression of the H(2) S synthesising enzyme cystathionine-?-lyase (CSE) in rat mesangial cells.The effects of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB and antioxidants on CSE expression and activity in cultured rat renal mesangial cells were assessed. Activity of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) was measured as the binding capacity to a radiolabelled consensus element by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Furthermore, CSE and Nrf2 expression was analysed in a rat model of anti-Thy-1-induced glomerulonephritis by immunohistochemistry.Treatment of mesangial cells with PDGF-BB resulted in a marked time- and dose-dependent up-regulation of CSE mRNA and protein levels, as well as CSE activity accompanied with increased formation of reactive oxygen species. Remarkably, co-administration of antioxidants, such as N-acetylcysteine, ebselen or diphenylene iodonium chloride, drastically reduced PDGF-BB-induced CSE expression. PDGF-BB induced binding of Nrf2 to a corresponding consensus antioxidant element in a redox-dependent manner. Furthermore, PDGF-BB-induced CSE expression in mouse mesangial cells was completely abolished in Nrf2 knockout mice compared with wild-type mice. In a rat model of anti-Thy-1-induced proliferative glomerulonephritis, we observed a marked up-regulation of CSE protein paralleled by a stabilization of Nrf2 protein.PDGF-BB regulated CSE via a redox-mediated activation of Nrf2. Such action would aid the resolution of glomerular inflammatory diseases.This article is commented on by Gallyas, pp. 2228-2230 of this issue. To view this commentary visit http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2012.01976.x.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3448890 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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