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Association between treatment effects on disease progression end points and overall survival in clinical studies of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The relationship between progression-free survival and time to progression (PFS/TTP) and overall survival (OS) has been demonstrated in a variety of solid tumours but not in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify controlled trials of cytokine or targeted therapies for mRCC reporting information on treatment effects on PFS/TTP and OS for one or more comparison. The associations between treatment effects on PFS/TTP and OS were analysed using linear regression. RESULTS: Thirty-one studies representing 10943 patients, 75 treatment groups, and 41 comparisons were identified. The correlation coefficient between the negative log of the hazard ratio (HR) for PFS/TTP (-ln HR(PFS/TTP)) vs the negative log of the HR for OS (-ln HR(OS)) was 0.80 (P<0.0001). In linear regression, the coefficient on -ln HR(PFS/TTP) vs -ln HR(OS) was 0.64 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.470.81; R(2)=0.63), suggesting each 10% relative risk reduction (RRR) for PFS/TTP was associated with a 6% RRR for OS. A 1-month gain in median PFS/TTP was associated with a 1.17-month gain in median OS (95% CI: 0.59,1.76; R(2)=0.28). CONCLUSION: In trials of treatments for mRCC, treatment effects on PFS/TTP are strongly associated with treatment effects on OS.

SUBMITTER: Delea TE 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3461161 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1038/bjc.2012.367

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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